Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Midwinter Solstice 2011


Seasons Greetings to All Our Readers!!

As it is the Winter Solstice, I can't just let this time of year go without another 'Revelation' to do with Stonehenge.  This date (technically its early tomorrow morning) is very special for the builders of Stonehenge during the 'Second Phase' of its construction, for not only did they build 'The Avenue' towards the Sunrise of the Summer Solstice, but the 'Temple' of Sarsen stones was built to the Moon and consequently the Sunset and the longest 'Night', which is tonight.

One of the greatest mysteries of Stonehenge, which has been commented upon by some academics, is the 'incompleteness' of the site - the SW quadrant of the structure seems to lack the gigantic uprights that other areas posses.  This is compounded as there is a lack of the stone holes, one would have expected if the stones had been robbed away and therefore missing, with the associated lintels.

Stukeley's Original Plan - showing the empty quadrant at the top.

But all this speculation is based on an 'assumption' which has never been proven - that the monument was completely round and joined with lintels.
The Assumption Archaeologist believe about the monument
The reason Archaeologist believe it was round, is because they don't know what the monument represents or its purpose - So hence the round 'temple' is based on the side that still stands remaining.   This clearly is wrong, as we have proven in 'The Stonehenge Enigma' - the 'Temple' was constructed (like the original Phase I, Ditch and Bluestone Stones) to the 'Dead' and the 'Moon'.  Consequently, the monument is 'crescent shaped' and NOT round - so all the upright stones, have survived.

There are some very good reasons why this shape is unique and shows us that these ancestors had a knowledge of higher mathematics some 4000 years before these formulae were credited to later civilisations.  Details of these mathematical constants will be published in my forthcoming book 'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation' in June 2012.

But as a 'taster' for 2012 here is the first picture of how Stonehenge really looked after its construction.


Stonehenge's original construction plan



The alignment of the large inner megalith and the smaller outer standing stone arch, with the Winter Solstice setting sun confirms the date of construction of Phase II of Stonehenge as 4500BC.


   RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)

Tuesday, 13 December 2011

Dawn of the Lost Civilisation

Recently I announced the launch of our new web site at:


In this site we gave details of the two remaining books of the Prehistoric Britain trilogy:

Dawn of the Lost Civilisation and Echoes of Atlantis.

We are able to show you the first video for the next book 'Dawn of the LOST Civilisation' that introduces the book and summarises 'The Stonehenge Enigma'.

video


Dawn of the LOST Civilisation (DLC) will be published in June 2012 - Posters (below) are available form our on-line shop







Tuesday, 6 December 2011

Stukeley's drawing points the way to Post Glacial Flooding

By Robert John Langdon

1721 drawing of the Stonehenge area by William Stukeley.


What is interesting is the prominence of the waterways and the dry river valleys.  Clearly the river Willy not only changed its name to Tilly today but has become much smaller, in fact its quite tiny, but three hundred years ago it was as big as the Avon.  This is a clear indication that the ground water levels have been falling, ever since the last ice age and if we 'reversed engineered' the falling water levels - this would give us a clear indication of the river levels in prehistoric times.

The Dry river valleys are clearly marked by Stukeley almost like existing river banks - is this because in Stukeleys time these were still wet from the waters they once contained?

I have placed the same markers on a modern OS map with the ancient water levels to compare it to Stukeley's.



The other aspect of great interest, is the foot paths that originated from the site three hundred years ago -before the mass of the modern road and path systems.  These foot paths were used AFTER the waters had finally retreated and dried out and general boat travel was no longer viable.  These 'pathway' pointers are clearly show that the three mound Stones, The Heel Stone, The North Station and The South Station pointed to Woodhenge, Avebury and Old Sarum and is the reason for other Stone circles that were built on the routes of these paths in the Late Neolithic/Bronze age.



As time goes by, its getting more difficult to understand how and why these monuments were built - Stukeley's drawing not only show us that the medieval paths were linked to the Mounded Stones but more importaintly, the environment was waterlogged and our ancestors built their monuments on high ground that were visited by a civilisation that utilised boats.


RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)

Monday, 28 November 2011

It doesn't get much dumber than this in achaeology!!


Archaeologists have discovered evidence of two huge pits positioned on celestial alignment at Stonehenge. Shedding new light on the significant association of the monument with the sun, these pits may have contained tall stones, wooden posts or even fires to mark its rising and setting and could have defined a processional route used by agriculturalists to celebrate the passage of the sun across the sky at the summer solstice.

Sounds exciting, but take a look at the video and make your own mind up!



A few questions spring to mind:

Why dig a ditch to walk around? - why not create an elevated platform and processional walkway?

The Cursus is only 2.5km in length - you can walk the circumference in a hour - over the longest day 17 hours  you need to take one step per minute -     S l o w   m o t i o n. . . . . . at best!

From the Heel Stone over 1km - your tiny

Why the Heel Stone? - Why isn't Stonehenge not the centre of observation - have a few chairs and a wild boar on the spit while you wait?

Why a fire - why not a Stone of great height so it can be seen from Stonehenge? - especially, as the site is famous for its large stones.

Why are the pits not at the end of The Cursus - it took 1.2 million man hours to build the dam thing, make it at the end and the Cursus thicker if 2.5km is important - or just slow down even more?

The truth is this is complete rubbish and the joke is on us, the public, who are feed misinformation from the academic world and we are expected to swallow it as real science!!


If your still interested...


From The Independent (shame on you!)

Extraordinary new discoveries are shedding new light on why Britain’s most famous ancient site, Stonehenge, was built – and when.

Current research is now suggesting that Stonehenge may already have been an important sacred site at least 500 years before the first Stone circle was erected – and that the sanctity of its location may have determined the layout of key aspects of the surrounding sacred landscape.

What’s more, the new investigation – being carried out by archaeologists from the universities’ of Birmingham, Bradford  and Vienna – massively increases the evidence linking Stonehenge to pre-historic solar religious beliefs. It increases the likelihood that the site was originally and primarily associated with sun worship

The investigations have also enabled archaeologists  to putatively reconstruct the detailed route of a possible religious procession or other ritual event which they suspect may have taken place annually to the north of Stonehenge.

That putative pre-historic religious ‘procession’ (or, more specifically, the evidence suggesting its route) has implications for understanding Stonehenge’s prehistoric religious function – and suggests that the significance of the site Stonehenge now occupies emerged earlier than has previously been appreciated.
The crucial new archaeological evidence was discovered during on-going survey work around Stonehenge in which archaeologists have been ‘x-raying’ the ground, using ground-penetrating radar and other geophysical investigative techniques. As the archaeological team from Birmingham and Vienna were using these high-tech systems to map the interior of a major prehistoric enclosure (the so-called ‘Cursus’) near Stonehenge, they discovered two great pits, one towards the enclosure’s eastern end, the other nearer its western end.

When they modelled the relationship between these newly-discovered Cursus pits and Stonehenge on their computer system, they realised that, viewed from the so-called ‘Heel Stone’ at Stonehenge, the pits were aligned with sunrise and sunset on the longest day of the year – the summer solstice (midsummer’s day). The chances of those two alignments being purely coincidental are extremely low.

The archaeologists then began to speculate as to what sort of ritual or ceremonial activity might have been carried out at and between the two pits. In many areas of the world, ancient religious and other ceremonies sometimes involved ceremonially processing round the perimeters of monuments. The archaeologists therefore thought it possible that the prehistoric celebrants at the Cursus might have perambulated between the two pits by processing around the perimeter of the Cursus.

Initially this was pure speculation – but then it was realized that there was, potentially a way of trying to test the idea. On midsummer’s day there are in fact three key alignments – not just sunrise and sunset, but also midday (the highest point the sun reaches in its annual cycle). For at noon the key alignment should be due south.

One way to test the ‘procession’ theory (or at least its route) was for the archaeologists  to demonstrate that the midway point on that route had indeed a special relationship with Stonehenge (just as the two pits – the start and end point of the route – had).  The ‘eureka moment’ came when the computer calculations revealed that the midway point (the noon point) on the route aligned directly with the centre of Stonehenge, which was precisely due south.

This realization that the sun hovering over the site of  Stonehenge at its highest point in the year appears to have been of great importance to prehistoric people, is itself of potential significance. For it suggests that the site’s association with the veneration of the sun was perhaps even greater than previously realized.
But the discovery of the Cursus pits, the discovery of the solar alignments and of the putative ‘processional’ route, reveals something else as well – something that could potentially turn the accepted chronology of the Stonehenge landscape on its head.

For decades, modern archaeology has held that Stonehenge was a relative latecomer to the area – and that the other large monument in that landscape – the Cursus – pre-dated it by up to 500 years.

However, the implication of the new evidence is that, in a sense, the story may have been the other way round, i.e. that the site of Stonehenge was sacred before the Cursus was built, says Birmingham archaeologist, Dr. Henry Chapman, who has been modelling the alignments on the computerized reconstructions of the Stonehenge landscape

The argument for this is simple, yet persuasive. Because the ‘due south’ noon alignment of the ‘procession’ route’s mid-point could not occur if the Cursus itself had different dimensions, the design of that monument has to have been conceived specifically to attain that mid-point alignment with the centre of Stonehenge.

What’s more, if that is so, the Stonehenge Heel Stone location had to have been of ritual significance before the Cursus pits were dug (because their alignments are as perceived specifically from the Heel Stone).
Those two facts, when taken together, therefore imply that the site, later occupied by the stones of Stonehenge, was already sacred before construction work began on the Cursus. Unless the midday alignment is a pure coincidence (which is unlikely), it  would imply  that the Stonehenge site’s sacred status is at least 500 years older than previously thought – a fact which raises an intriguing possibility.

For 45 years ago, archaeologists found an 8000 BC Mesolithic (‘Middle’ Stone Age) ritual site in what is now Stonehenge’s car park. The five thousand year gap between that Mesolithic sacred site and Stonehenge itself meant that most archaeologists thought that ‘sacred’ continuity between the two was inherently unlikely. But, with the new discoveries, the time gap has potentially narrowed. Indeed, it’s not known for how long the site of Stonehenge was sacred prior to the construction of the Cursus. So, very long term traditions of geographical sanctity in relation to Britain’s and the world’s best known ancient monument, may now need to be considered.

The University of Birmingham  Stonehenge area survey - the largest of its type ever carried out anywhere in the world – will take a further two years to complete, says Professor Vince Gaffney, the director the project.

Virtually every square meter in a five square mile area surrounding the world most famous pre-historic monument will be examined geophysically to a depth of  up to two metres, he says.
It’s anticipated that dozens, potentially hundreds of previously unknown sites will be discovered as a result of the operation.

The ongoing discoveries in Stonehenge’s sacred prehistoric landscape – being made by Birmingham’s archaeologists and colleagues from the University of Vienna’s Ludwig Boltzmann Institute – are expected to transform scholars’ understanding of the famous monument’s origins, history and meaning.

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)


Wednesday, 23 November 2011

Archaeology's Precautionary Principle and the Uncertainty Paradox

By Robert John Langdon

This is an article that appeared in the Online edition of the BBC website:
A set of human bones at Gloucester museum, always believed to be from the Stone Age, are now thought to be only about 500 years old.

The remains, which have been in storage for more than a century, were labelled "from a long barrow".
Long barrows are ancient Neolithic burial sites from about 6,000 years ago, but radio carbon dating has shown the bones date to between 1523 and 1799.
Gloucester museum's archaeology curator, David Rice, said he was "surprised" by the results.
The box of bones, containing partial remains from at least six individuals, was first officially recorded in a stock take, at what is now Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery, in the 1950s.
An entry in a ledger from the time reads: "Human bones. One skull, calvarium [upper part of skull] only and part of a lower jaw, together with a large number of bones of several individuals, from a long barrow - site unknown, donor unknown".
'Prehistoric site'
The box contained 262 human bone fragments, ranging from complete arm bones to tiny skull fragments.
Mr Rice said: "The bones had been in storage in a cardboard box. All we had to go on was what was written down in the books."
The museum decided to send the relics away for testing, using modern techniques.
Archaeologist Emily Trapnell from Bournemouth University, who carried out the tests on one of the bones from an adolescent, said: "Initially the bones seemed to fit the description of what you'd expect to find from a Neolithic long barrow.
"The remains were very fragmented, and there was also some animal bone amongst them."
'Definitely a shock'
Ms Trapnell said the intention had been to try to identify the geographical location of the long barrow they came from, by testing soil from the bones and using published literature to try to find a match.
"However after radio carbon dating we found the bones date from between 1523 and 1799 so they are actually modern rather than Neolithic.
"It was definitely a shock," she said.
The analysis also suggested that at least one of the skeletons was from a different site to the other bones, but where, exactly, is still unknown.
Mr Rice said: "Usually we believe everything that's written on a label in a museum, but it seems that something's happened here."
There are now various theories which could explain the date being a lot more recent than expected.
One idea is that whoever dug them up wrongly thought they were digging in a long barrow.
'Smoked big pipes'
"Or it could be the bones are contaminated," added Mr Rice.
"These old curators, they all smoked big pipes and passed things around amongst each other, and it could be that some of their material has rubbed off [which could have produced an error in the radio carbon dating]."
BUT HANG ON JUST A MINUTE.....
Why can't the Long Barrow be ONLY 500 years old?
The only scientific evidence that can be obtained from this site is the carbon dated bones that was dated 1500 - 1700 AD and we know they had the ability to make an authentic reproduction of the ancient 'Long Barrow' so why are we so convinced its 6000 years old not 500?
Are we suggesting that common sense dictates that you can not date a monument by the last piece of carbon dating to be found in the site, because it could have been placed there later by people who appreciated that the monument was built by our ancestors and therefore had some kind of deep reverence?
If that is the case, why do archaeologists still persist in allowing the same OBVIOUS mistakes to be made when other bones are found at sites like West Kennett Long Barrow?
The truth is that you can not rely on the last carbon dating evidence found on a site to date that site, it is a nonsense, yet 90% of archaeology is based on this false conclusion - this 'harms' humanity as it portrays a false sense of history and fails to give us guidance to a better understanding of the origin of the species.
RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)






Tuesday, 22 November 2011

The Islands of KENT

By Robert John Langdon

Further to my article on Essex here is one on Kent with a feature on Coldrum.
Islands of Kent

As you see Kent was a collection of four main and a handful of smaller islands.  The most important fact is that to the East (right hand side) of the map lay Doggerland, which we believe was the lost continent of Atlantis.

The waterway highlighted here was therefore of immense importance as to the north of this map lay the expanded Thames river which joined the Kennett and Avon rivers to flow into the Bristol Channel and the Atlantic Ocean.  This would therefore been the main route the Atlanteans took to sail to the Mediterranean.

Coldrum is believed by archaeologists to be a 'Long Barrow' so I investigated it last week to test their theory, as if it was a Long Barrow' it would be used to navigate ships through this area toward either Doggerland/Atlantis or the Atlantic.

When we look at Coldrum on the Mesolithic Map we notice that it lay not on a hill but by the shoreline.

Coldrum
Clearly as you see from the map Coldrum is NOT a Long Barrow as it is a diamond/square shape on the shore of the Mesolithic Waterways.  To confirm this we need to look at the site and assess how the shoreline would have looked in 8500BC.

Entrance showing it's built on a natural mound - the standing stones that was on the shoreline have fallen into what would have been the shoreline/water

When you look at the entrance you notice that it's on a steep hill - unlike a Long Barrow - this clearly is the mooring point for the site where you would disembark from your boat/ship.

Mooring point for boats - as its a natural harbour
The bank is not man made as it extends for about a quarter of a mile north and is rounded to the south to create a perfect peninsula. It has 20+ large Sarsen stones which clearly has been transported here (by boat) as their are no natural crops of this stone locally.

So why did the archaeologists get it so wrong?

The Official Noticeboard

Well according to the first archaeologists that dug the site to bits and destroyed the original shape it was a stone circle and there is still a 1926 plaque on the site to prove their hypothesis - but recently it has turned into a 'Long Barrow', although its not long at all and according to the illustration, is square (So is it a Square Barrow?? if the sites does not fit convention just make it up it seems!)  

To show you how ridiculous it has become they show visitors a chambered mound with an entrance - the problem is the mound has completely disappeared through 'weathering' (although the surrounding area has not been effected by this very selective weather).

NB. You see a lot of that kind of rubbish, if you study archaeology.

The large standing stones are similar to the ones we have seen at Avebury and would be used to tie up the boats and ships as mooring points.  The area behind the boarding platform would have probably been a fire beacon to attract the ships as again we have seen in Avebury and Woodhenge.  This would been seen for hundreds of miles and acted as a safe harbour in story weather as another island of Kent is just 10miles over towards the east opposite.
On top of the Island entrance looking back towards Doggerland/Atlantis beyond the valley
In conclusion, Coldrum is a Mooring Point on the Mesolithic coast, Yes they have found skeletons there but as my next blog will show you, dead bodies do not dictate the function of the site - unless, of course, you haven't got a clue on why our ancestors built these sites.




Sunday, 13 November 2011

New Web Site Launched

By Robert John Langdon

On 11th Day of the 11th Month of the 11th years at 11:11 and 11 seconds we launched my new TRILOGY on Prehistoric Britain.

www.prehistoric-britain.co.uk

The timing was important as the 'end of the world as we know it' has historically been predicted on these unique dating events.  This time I was determined to make one of these predictions come true and this trilogy was the solution - as it changes the history, of not only Britain, but Europe and the known  Prehistoric world.

The trilogy looks at the prehistoric findings in archaeology within the book The Stonehenge Enigma.  This books was critical in proving that Stonehenge is 5,000 years older than current estimates.  The proof of this date was found in the Car Park of the Site as in 1966 three post holes were found and carbon dated as 8500BC - the reason for this date was that this was the mooring spot for the boats that carried the Bluestones from the Welsh Preseli Mountains, take completed stage I of the Monument.

But, this was not the only proof of my hypothesis for we also found the navigational aids that allowed the boats to move from port to port during the Mesolithic Period - the Long Barrow.  Later in the Mesolithic as the ground water levels fell these markers were replaced by Round Barrows for our ancestors who by then started to travelled by foot.

My next book in the trilogy (launch date June 2012) The Dawn of the Lost Civilisation traces the civilisation that constructed these monuments on their watery landscape - a land known by the ancient Greeks and Egyptian as Atlantis.  I will show where this civilisation originated through an amazing human mutation that not only made their appearance unique but moreover, changed their DNA and human biology to such an extent that 80% of Europe's population still carries this gene mutation showing us that this civilisation has survived in various forms even today.

The book will not only share the biological secrets of this civilisation, but we will also look at the history of this civilisation's anthropology, to show you; how they looked, what language they spoke and how they morally behaved including the philosophies they handed down to us in the distant past.  As tangible evidence to our hypothesis we will show you a 'map' that still survives within the Stonehenge monument that was constructed as a remembrance to their homeland thousands of years after it was washed away in a place we now call the North Sea.

Looking at the surviving written evidence and mythology we will show how this civilisation lived and the tools and technology that they shared with all mankind that eventually allowed homo sapiens to move from the trees to the moon in a blink of an eye.

Finally, Echoes of Atlantis - will show where these 'homo superiors' went after their homeland finally disappeared and how this peaceful civilisation which mythology still kept alive in our spirit for they lived in a place we often call 'utopia' a society existing in perfect harmony with their surroundings and whose philosophy dictated their final integration into foreign lands and societies - but whose footprints and essence can still be traced today throughout the world.



The final part of the trilogy will be launched in June 2014, with the second edition of 'The Stonehenge Enigma' to be published in June 2013.

This will complete the most important book since Darwin's 'Origin of the Species' for it re-writes our history and therefore for the first time we will understand who we are and were we came from.











Monday, 31 October 2011

Mortice and Tenon joints found 600 years before Stonehenge's Lintels

By Robert John Langdon

Early Neolithic Well of Altscherbitz dated at 5101 BC.

One of the corners of the base-frame of the well held together by a keyed mortise and tenon joint

This well was found during construction work on the airport of Leipzig/Halle, which is about 600 miles (3 x further than the bluestones that came from Wales) from Stonehenge where similar features were carved into the lintels of the monument.

Clearly this is the influence and techniques used to build Stonehenge some 600 years later according to my hypothesis in 4500BC (2000 years according to 'traditional' archaeological estimations) and the 'Solent Boat' which was dated 800 years before this well was built. (http://robertjohnlangdon.blogspot.com/2011/06/8000-year-old-boat-found-in-solent.html)

"Within the pit a wooden chamber built out of large oak timbers has been constructed in log cabin style with interlocking notches near the corners. All in all, 23 pairs of timbers could be documented, although the upper ones were in a very poor condition. This construction was founded on a quadratic frame fashioned from four heavy oak timbers that were held together by mortise and tenon joints.

This type of joint was already known for the Early Neolithic from the well of ZwenkauEythra (Saxony, Germany), but the tenons in the frame from Altscherbitz are additionally secured by wedges. It is the first time this carpentry technique, the so called keyed tenon joint, has been recorded for the Early Neolithic. The timbers from the construction can be dendrochronologically dated towards the end of the 52nd  century BCE (dendrochronological analysis is still in progress by Willy Tegel, DendroNet). On one piece of wood from the construction pit the last ring under the bark was present and points to the winter of 5102/5101 BCE for the felling of the trees."

Hang on a minute Oak timbers have been constructed in 'Log Cabin Style' techniques - if that is the case why do our archaeologists insist that our ancestors lived in round 'Mud Huts' ?

If you have the carpentry skills to make a log cabin - would you not do so??

If to have the ability to lock 23 pairs of timbers together, could you not also make a wooden boat?

Yet more 'inconvenient' questions archaeology can not answer - fortunately in The Stonehenge Enigma - we do!!

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)



Sunday, 16 October 2011

Pathways to the Past – Echoes of a Lost Civilisation?

By Robert John Langdon


Supporting article that appears in November 2011 edition of  'Wiltshire Life'

Long Barrows have always been the greatest mystery to Archaeologists and appear on most ordinance survey maps, denoted by a small oval black star.  They are found predominantly in the county of Wiltshire where 10% of all long barrows reside.

But what exactly are they?

The first thing we should note about Long Barrows is that they are unique to Northern Europe, unlike Round Barrows, which are found all over the world. Archaeologists agree that the Long Barrow is the oldest monument to exist in our landscape. This belief originates from the fact that carbon dating has found them to be at least 1000 to 1500 years older than Stonehenge.

West Kennet Long Barrow

Moreover, they are also aware that prehistoric human bones have been found collected together in the chambers of these types of burial mounds, rather than in individual graves, which is something unseen anywhere else in Britain. The number and condition of these bones show us that they were disarticulated (unconnected), with only the larger bones and skulls being brought to the sites after death, probably after the bones had been de-fleshed – this process is known as ‘excarnation’ and is believed to be one of the oldest human practices of burial of the dead.

But the real reason of interested in these objects is twofold; firstly, the mounds are long and thin, with an entrance at the one end. Secondly, the entire structure originally had a ditch dug completely around the exterior, which starts to relate it to other monuments like Stonehenge.
If Long Barrows existed in Egypt, archaeologists there would have no problem in identifying what the object was for or represented as it clearly looks like a gigantic boat and therefore the bones would be gathered inside for the departeds final journey into the afterlife.

West Kennett - Showing Length and shape


But this is Britain and in the Mesolithic Period, our ancestors were supposedly hunter gathers who lived in caves or temporary shelters. The concept of a boats (according to the experts) being used during this period is totally alien to most archaeologists although only last year a 6000BC boat was found at the bottom of the Solent just off the Isle of Wight by the Hampshire and Wight Marine Archaeology Trust (http://www.hwtma.org.uk/investigations-in-2010). The discoverers believe that not only was it the oldest boat found in Britain but quite amazingly, it was made of 10 metre ‘planked' wood.

The only archaeologist in recent years that has put forward a theory of boat people existing in the Mesolithic Period is Robert John Langdon in his book ‘The Stonehenge Enigma’ (ABC Publishing Group 2010). In this book Langdon puts forward a hypothesis that in prehistoric times the landscape was partially flooded due to the waters released by the last ice age, 12,000 years ago. These waters raised the ground water table of Britain increasing the river levels by as much as 30 metres.

If he is correct the map of Britain would look considerably different than today and the most effective form of transport in this kind of environment would have been the boat. Consequently, the seemly unanswerable questions about these barrows would now become obvious.

Long Barrow showing shape and moat around the  edge


As an example, during the prehistoric period, West Kennet would have been on a peninsula, surrounded on three sides by water. This water now gives us a clue as to why the ditches that surrounded the monument were dug, for the bottom of the ditches would have been below the water table at this location. They were, therefore, not ditches (as we currently believe) but moats full of water.

This will also give us a better explanation of how the gigantic rocks (some weighing over 15 tonnes) got to the top of these hills, without an army of slaves pulling on ropes day and night. As the shoreline at West Kennet was only 50 metres down the track from where the Long Barrow is today. Furthermore, this is the tried and tested way that all other ancient civilisations moved stones from location to location – by boat.
Moreover, because of the moat, the monument takes on a new perspective, for it transforms from a grassy mound into a representation of a Long Boat surrounded by water.

So why is the Long Barrow a boat?

How Mesolithic Man could travel in House Boats made of reed as now in Far East


The Long Barrow represents the boat culture of this ancient society; they lived in boats and so, when they died, they were sent on their last voyage by boat to the afterlife. Even today, we still have a custom of placing money over a dead person’s eyes as their fare to be collected by the ferryman guiding them to the afterlife.

Bob Davis
bob.davis@abc-services.net

Tuesday, 4 October 2011

Lies, Damned Lies and Archaeologists

By Robert John Langdon

Star Carr in Yorkshire has given us a whole wealth of evidence to show that our society stated a lot earlier than the text books once stated.

Star Carr site showing excavations to date
The site has found the oldest House and Split Planks that made a walkway some 30m long and totally out of character with the stereotyped view of our Mesolithic ancestors being savage hunter-gatherers dress either naked or just in furs.

York Museum's view of Star Carr


Sadly the technology and the fiction (as seen on this drawing) does not match, for if you are a carpenter and can split wood to build 30m wooden walkways into the water, you don't need to live in a mud hut without a floor and your society could probably weave clothes for you to wear.

Even so, one would imagine that now they have to accept we had a 'civilisation' at Star Carr in 8500BC they would do their best to find out the extent of their capabilities - but sadly no.  As you see from our first picture Star Carr is on the edge of a water course, this access point is very important as it will reflect on the trading movements of this culture if any.

So according to the 'experts' its on a 'lake' - so they are going nowhere except around the lake even if they had a boat to sail and place on the edge of that 30m wooden split planked construction.  Fortunately, I have now complete maps of Britain for the Neolithic and Mesolithic periods of Britain.... and the implications consequently is far from what you have been told!

Star Carr with the tributary that flows into the Sea
Star Carr is NOT on a lake but on a peninsula that leads into the sea - but not just anywhere, but opposite to a land that existed after the ice age called Doggerland.  Starr Carr would have been a natural port for people coming and going to this very important island in the Northern hemisphere.

In my forthcoming book 'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation' I will be looking at Doggerland and Star Carr and showing just why this is one of the most important sites in the Atlantic (the North Sea was created in about 5000BC) and what civilisation used them and where they travelled and traded.

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)


Monday, 26 September 2011

Craig Rhosyfelin

 By Robert John Langdon

The Stones of Stonehenge: the Preseli Component (Press Release)

'Perhaps one of the greatest mysteries surrounding Stonehenge is the origins of the stones themselves. How did bluestones from the Welsh Preseli Mountains become the construction material for the site of Stonehenge built some 5,000 years ago? In recent years there has been renewed interest in this question and it has sparked a review of the theories concerning their origins. Were the stones transported to Wiltshire by glacial processes during the Last Ice Age or are they the result of an epic feat of unprecedented engineering and transport by our prehistoric ancestors?



Google Earth showing location Marked

Professor Mike Parker Pearson of Sheffield University is leading a collaborative project involving universities from across the UK in looking at this enigma. Their work has brought them back to Preseli in search of the quarries and sites that may be the start of the longest journey for megaliths anywhere in prehistoric Europe.

This year fieldwork will look at two bluestone quarry sites, a possible dismantled stone circle, and potential Neolithic settlement.'


Mike may have found the site of the Stonehenge bluestones, but he still is unaware of how they got them to Stonehenge - fortunately for him my book has given him a simple and comprehensive answer - a boat.

Craig Rhosyfelin at the time of the Mesolithic

Our study have concluded that the water levels around the quarry in 8500BC was so high that the site became and island - this is perfect for moving the stones directly to the Stonehenge Car Park site which itself was also flooded from the high groundwater levels from the ice age.




How Craig Rhosyfelin may have looked from the Western Shoreline looking at the island and quarry, during the Mesolithic period.

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)

Saturday, 17 September 2011

The Somerset Levels - Yet another Paradox?

By Robert John Langdon

The Somerset flats are a strange paradox to any rational person studying the area.



A paper by the Somerset County Council on the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Period clearly states that;


The Early Mesolithic (as defined for present purposes) covers most of the first “epoch”. In the Late Glacial and Early Holocene, the ameliorating Palaeolithic and Mesolithic climate was reflected by a rapid rise in sea level of c.1cm per year, with a drop in this rate after c.7000–6500 BP (c.5990–5350 cal BC). 


Sea level rose from c.35m below present mean sea level (MSL) at c.9500 BP (c.9130–8630 cal BC), reaching c.5m below MSL in the Bristol Channel by c.4000–3800 cal BC (the rate of rise having slowed by c.4000 cal BC).


At the time of the Mesolithic, the Somerset Plain was between 5m and 35m above the sea level - so why was it flooded?

Lets see what Wikipedia makes of this paradox?


The Somerset Levels, or the Somerset Levels and Moors as they are less commonly but more correctly known, is a sparsely populated coastal plain and wetland area of central SomersetSouth West England, between the Quantock and Mendip Hills. The Levels occupy an area of about 160,000 acres (650 km2), corresponding broadly to the administrative district of Sedgemoor but also including the south-eastern part of the Mendip district. The Somerset Levels are bisected by the Polden Hills; the areas to the south are drained by the River Parrett, and the areas to the North by the rivers Axe and Brue. The Mendip Hills separate the Somerset Levels from the North Somerset Levels. The Somerset Levels consist of marine clay "levels" along the coast, and inland (often peat-based) "moors"; agriculturally, about 70 percent is used as grassland and the rest is arable. Willow and teazel are grown commercially and peat is extracted.
One explanation for the county of Somerset's name is that, in prehistory, because of winter flooding humans restricted their use of the Levels to the summer, leading to a derivation from Sumorsaete, meaning land of the summer people. A Palaeolithic flint tool found in West Sedgemoor is the earliest indication of human presence in the area. The Neolithic people exploited the reedswamps for their natural resources and started to construct wooden trackways, including the world's oldest known timber trackway, the Sweet Track, dating from the 3800s BC. The Levels were the location of the Glastonbury Lake Village as well as two Lake villages at Meare Lake. Several settlements and hill forts were built on the natural "islands" of slightly raised land, including Brent Knoll and Glastonbury. In theRoman period sea salt was extracted and a string of settlements were set up along the Polden Hills. 


Winter Flooding - so how do we know that?

The most Recent paper my Dr Richard Brunning shows that in 8300BC the entire region was covered with over 100 islands

Somerset Flood Plain
But if the Sea level was below the land surface - by at least 5m, how did it flood, even in winter?

The amount of rain needed to flood this area is equivalent to a far eastern monsoon - and if it rained that much in Somerset, it must have rained the same throughout Britain?

The only logical answer is that the rivers feeding this 'delta' were flooded with excess water from the ice age that had raised their water levels by about 30m.  This would allow sufficient water to flood the Somerset Levels before flowing into the Sea some 5m below the land level.

Yet another proof of my hypothesis and how it changed the course of our history.

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)