Tuesday, 31 May 2011

Copy of Sunday Express Article

I've been requested by my friends in Asia and America to place a copy of the article as they did not have access to the newspaper edition.

Sunday May 29,2011

By Graham Ball

IN three weeks’ time, thousands of devotees will gather in the dark in a field in Wiltshire. They do this every year and each time their number grows.
As the summer solstice will soon see thousands gather at Stonehenge, an archaeologist discusses his belief that the Wiltshire monument is evidence of a great civilisation which once thrived there
They are there to celebrate the midsummer Solstice, the longest day of the year, and will wait until daybreak when the sun sends a piercing ray of light through Stonehenge, the ancient ruin they have come to venerate.

This primordial circle of stones, eight miles north of Salisbury in Wiltshire, exerts an extraordinary power over the people of Britain.

Some, like the Druids, claim it is the source of a mystical power while others, curious but sceptical, believe it to be the site of an ancient monument that has no relevance to the way we live today.

Whatever their conviction they are all missing the point according to one man who has studied the location for 30 years and believes he knows the real reason why Stonehenge is so special.

“Stonehenge is unique; it is already recognised as a World Heritage Site but it’s more than just an ancient curiosity, it is the place where civilisation began,” says writer and archaeologist Robert John Langdon.

“It’s simply the most amazing place in the world and we should all be celebrating the meaning of this incredible place.”

Robert fell under the spell of Stonehenge as a boy. He explored the massive stone monoliths and was intrigued by the official explanation of their origin. As the years passed and he learned more he was puzzled by contradictions in official explanation of its origins.

“The carbon dating of the stones is not consistent. I have discovered that stone post holes in what is now the car park for the site predate the accepted date for Stonehenge by 5,000 years. If this evidence is accepted, and it has been denied for years, it turns the conventional history of Stonehenge, and the rest of the world for that matter, on its head.”

If Robert is right, and he says he has the scientific evidence to prove he is, Stonehenge is the most important archaeological site in the world. It would mean Salisbury Plain is home to the first and most significant civilisation on earth. So how could this have happened?

“The geography and landscape of the site would have been very different. Britain would have been emerging from the last Ice Age, so much of the country we now recognise would have been under water. Stonehenge would have been on an estuary that led to the open sea. Too many important facts have been ignored,” says Robert.

“There is evidence that water was close, but that has been classified as a moat which I believe is wrong. It is also believed the stones were dragged over land from Wales which is misleading.

“The large sarsen stones came from an area close to Avebury which is not far from Stonehenge.  To have brought them overland all the way from Wales takes no account of the fact that according to the official time scale Salisbury Plain at that time would have been heavily forested which would have made that access all but impossible. The bluestones, which are the key to the secret of Stonehenge, were smaller and did come from Wales but they were brought there by boat.”

Robert’s hypothesis is based on his conviction that the men who built Stonehenge were much more skilled and sophisticated than is currently believed. In 10,000 BC, the Mesolithic period, he believes that men in ancient Britain developed the first recognisable civilisation and that Stonehenge was their greatest achievement.

“These were extremely capable people who found a way of drilling into stone and used sophisticated mortice and tenon joints to erect Stonehenge but most importantly they mastered the seas. These boat people, as we can call them, travelled widely and traded and these are the people I believe that Plato referred to in his writings on the origins of civilisation.”

So why did these people make such an effort to build Stonehenge? what was it intended to do?

“Stonehenge was accessible to boat people from  all over Europe and Mesolithic men and women came there to be cured of their ailments and to depart from this world. The alignment of the site to the sun and the moon is immensely significant but so is the presence of the bluestones in the circle.

“Bluestone turns blue in water, and was believed to have incredible powers of healing. Evidence from bones found close to Stonehenge suggests that the original inhabitants practised sophisticated medical procedures which included dentistry, limb removal and even brain surgery.

“These were not the fur-clad hunter gatherers living in mud huts that many mistakenly believe were the builders of Stonehenge. They were instead members of a great civilisation that moved out, leaving Stonehenge as the only surviving physical evidence of their genius.”

If Robert Langdon is right Stonehenge is much older than the Pyramids and there is a surprising connection between the two ancient stone monuments.

“Over the centuries the climate and landscape in Britain changed. Mesolithic men used their seafaring skills to move to a more sympathetic environment. They traded widely and sailed south to what is now the Mediterranean and moved in along the coast from Egypt to Greece and Italy. The ancient Egyptians’ skill at engineering and building with stone had its roots in the lessons learnt by the men who built Stonehenge.”

It is not only archaeologists with a theory about the significance of Stonehenge. The Druids regard it as a sacred place where they perform spiritual rituals.

Robert says: “I don’t have any disputes with the Druids and they don’t seem to mind me. I’ll be rubbing shoulders with lots of them at the midsummer solstice. The Druids may well have their beliefs but they came on the Stonehenge scene very late in the day.

“They would have discovered the site as an ancient and abandoned temple and taken it over but that’s all right. I get on pretty well with other archaeologists too although they do tend to dismiss my work, but that’s their loss. Stonehenge has a special hold on me and the more I learn about it the more fascinated I become. I’m already working on a new book which I think will ruffle quite a lot of feathers.

“In a sense what we know as Stonehenge is almost the foundations of a much bigger edifice. Stonehenge is, despite all the myths that have been fostered, a very special place. It is, I believe, the birthplace of civilisation and we all ought to give it the respect that it really deserves.”

l To order a copy of Prehistoric Britain – The Stonehenge Enigma by Robert John Langdon (ABC Publishing Group, £14.99) with free UK delivery, please send a cheque or PO made payable to the Sunday Express Bookshop to: PO Box 200, Falmouth TR11 4W J, or telephone 0871 988 8366 with credit/debit card details or order online at expressbookshop.com. Calls cost 10p per minute from BT landlines.

Read more: http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/249439/Secrets-of-the-stonesSecrets-of-the-stones


(by Robert John Langdon)

Tuesday, 24 May 2011

The Building of Stonehenge by Boat

Reed Boat Bring a Stone to Stonehenge 

This is the view I took on how stones were brought to Stonehenge in my book 'The Stonehenge Enigma'.

But recent research with the cave drawings from Germanic Art indicates that these ancient people may have understood the dynamics of boats better than we have previously appreciated. This Drawing seems to show a double hulled reed boat we now call a Catamaran.

Ancient Germanic Art showing Reed Boats

The positive aspects of a catamaran is enormous as with Stonehenge transporting Stones are even easier than we first believed for the stone no longer balances 'in' the hull of the boat but is balanced 'in between' the hulls. This offers greater stability as we have all seen ancient academics attempting to transport stones in a canoe in archaeological re-enactments, get it very wrong and the stone turns over the boat, because they failed to centralise the stone correctly.

This problem is avoided by a catamaran as the stone is balanced 'between' the boats on a wooden platform, not only does it ensure the boats stay safe, but because of having two boats attached you can carry TWICE as much weight.  I can already hear sceptics cry 'alien technology' the real question is their any evidence that ancient civilisations did use this 'modern' technology?

Ancient Polynesian Reed Catamaran

And quite amazingly the answer is YES - this ancient polynesian catamaran with a wooden connector.  This also has the advantage of having two sails so it goes twice as quick as a single sailed boat and so can cover twice the distance.  What I find amazing is just how close these boats look to the ancient Germanic cave paintings.


RAII - see previous blog - travelled from Africa to South America in 1969 a total of 3270 miles in 57 days.  This type of boat could cross the Atlantic in just 30 days travelling at 120 miles per day.  Moreover, this boat can sail from Britain to the Mediterranean is less than 5 days!!


Back at Stonehenge if the builders used Catamarans were the mooring posts wide enough to accommodate such a wide boat?

For the FULL answer to that question you will need to wait for the next blog that will include new diagrams of the 'hydraulic' lifting mechanism that made loading and unloading stones unbelievably simple, even a Mesolithic man could do it!!

Tuesday, 17 May 2011

Ancient Boat People of Northern Europe

By Robert John Langdon

I find it quite amazing that just a stones throw away in geographic terms we find that 'boat people' have been found and are accepted as the oldest civilisations directly after the last ice age.  It is if British archaeologist are out of their 'comfort zone' to study these neighbours of ours to see if there are similarities we can see and incorporate into our own Mesolithic findings.

Here is extract from 'The Full Wiki ': http://www.thefullwiki.org/Nordland

'There is evidence of human settlement in Nordland as far back as 10,500 years ago, about as early as in southern Norway. These Stone age people lived near the coast, often on islands and typically along straits near the open sea, with a rich provision of marine resources. Such archeological evidence has been found on Vega, in Leirfjord and along Saltstraumen. There are at least 15 locations with prehistoric rock carvings in Nordland, from Helgeland in the south to Narvik in the north (see Fosna-Hensbacka culture).'

Mesolithic Boat Drawings found in caves

They lived on coasts and islands and travelled by boat - as you would do in a flooded watery environment.  Consequently, if I'm correct about Prehistoric Britain wouldn't we do the same?

So what areas of Scandinavia were occupied at the end of the Ice Age and is their a relationship to Britain?

The entire civilisation was water based and lived in rivers of on the coasts - yet our archaeologists insist that we lived as 'hunter/gathers on dry land!!  and remember between us and the Scandinavians was not the North Sea but 'Doggerland'

So trading and communication with this civilisation was by following the shallow coast routes to a place we know existed in 9000BC - Star Carr, were we have found a town on the edge of a lake with the first house and 'planks' of wood.

So, have we progressed by 9000BC from reed boats to wooden boats?

Even with all this evidence of boats in Mesolithic Period there will be some that would doubt that these boats could carry the stones that constructed Stonehenge - but look at this cave drawing:

Is the image in the top right a boat carrying a huge stone and is the two upright figures below standing stones??

I only wish that this drawing was from the Cheddar Gouge overlooking the route to Stonehenge - unfortunately for me its not its from Häljesta, Västmanland in Sweden.

But it clearly shows transporting stones on boats was common place in Northern Europe as it was in ancient Egypt in the Mesolithic Period.

Egyptian Hieroglyphics showing stone carrying in 3500BC


(by Robert John Langdon)

Monday, 9 May 2011

Advanced Civilisation - or just lost knowledge of the Ancients?

Is this a long lost vision of the past - or just us having a better understanding of history?


This is the ABORA III during its maiden 550 mile journey from Azores.  These simple crafts are able to navigate the known ancient world from the Northern Hemisphere to the Mediterranean and beyond!

Remember RA II in 1970's?

It travelled 3270 miles in 57 days - that's 60 miles per day!! Not only that it crossed the Atlantic Ocean a fact most academics at the time refused to believe possible.

Therefore, were the history books then re-written after the historic journey some 40 years ago showing the clear possibility that the Egyptians could have reach and influenced the Mayan civilisation ….. Not a chance!!

Consequently, archaeologists almost completely dismiss the concept of migration by boat for our ancestors – instead they insist that they 'walked' through thick forests without roads or paths rather than sail the 2000 miles from the Mediterranean to Britain at the time of Stonehenge.  

The most absurd fact is that archaeologist’s accept that Prehistoric man could built reed roofs for their houses (mud huts) but were not have the inventive to turn these roofs upside down to build a boat - for if you build a waterproof roof, you can also build a waterproof boat!

Topological evidence shows that our earliest 'towns' which eventually became ports were obviously by the water’s edge.  But my book also clearly shows that ancient 'Long Barrows' were used to mark their course when navigating inland waterways - this is simple common sense if you don’t wish to get lost.

Moreover, this is a cheap simple method of transport(at a time of raised water levels in Northern Europe) but yet some call this technology either  'myth' or 'alien'.  In all my years of watching prehistoric documentaries and archaeological TV series - it has never ever been suggested that a boats may have been, used let alone travelled great distances to trade.

Unfortunately, all this shows is how blind and institutionalised our historians and archaeologists are to any change that could possibly contradict their old dusty theories – or is it job protection?

(by Robert John Langdon)

Thursday, 5 May 2011

Ancient Civilisation - Aliens from Mars or unexpected technology?

By Robert John Langdon

Many critics have looked at aspects of my new book 'The Stonehenge Enigma' and questioned if our ancestors had the technology to build ships and boats that could sail the known world in Mesolithic times.  Within the book we look at this in depth and I would like to reproduce it here for the benefit of those short of £7.99 for the book.


These are polished 'mace tools' - archaeologists do not know what they are for, there best guess is that it fits on the end of a stick!  So much for science.

The most interesting aspect is the hole!

How do you pot a hole in a stone without metal?  If you’re not sure go and try it - you will fail!!

Archaeologists suggest that they were very patient and chipped away little by little until the hole was formed - but this opens up two other questions:

If it takes so long why bother - if you wanted to fit a stick to the stone split the stick sideways and bind with reed much quicker

Why polish it after, it will increase the time to make the thing 4 fold

At this point the old familiar saying comes to mind 'religious or ceremonial' which is archaeological speak for 'no idea!' and if you thought the above stones were rough enough to be chipped out by a pointed tiped rock take a look at this one!

I bet you could not do a better job with a diamond tipped drill bit!!

So how was it done - aliens, super human strength or just a simple piece of technology out of time?

It’s called a bow drill - simple effective but credited to the Egyptians - but I think we know better now!


(by Robert John Langdon)