As any gardener knows, animal manure does a brilliant job of keeping soils rich in nutrients and easy to work. Though chemical fertilizers are now widely used, manuring still plays a critical role in food production in many parts of the world today. But was it always so important?
- For every acre of cultivated land for wheat barley etc - How much manure do I need?
- I can't place these manure engines in the same field as the crop so where did they stay and what did they feed?
The first farmers were surrounded by forest - how long does it take to clear a 'plot' which can both cater for both pasture and crops?
The chemists looked at a middle east model for their ideas - the problem is that the middle east was not covered by a forest - it was flat barren land, the European model is totally different. Traditional archaeologists tell us that great fires cleared the forest then farming began in the clearings. Absolute tosh!!
Recently in Britain we had the worst fires in living memory in Scotland, Wales and even Berkshire bordering London have had these 'devastating fires in May - go there today, yes the ground is chard, but all the trees are still standing - so how long would it take for 1 Neolithic man to cut down 1 acre of land 1/2 for grain and 1/2 for animals.
I acre of ground is 4,840 square yards - if a tree is every 6 feet (its a forest not a wood!!) that's over 2,000 trees, to be burnt and then cut with a stone axe - that's 3 years - non-stop and then you need to take out the roots - that's 6 years without rest or bad weather - let alone it growing again behind you - absolute nonsense!!
The answer is the river Nile - it floods twice a year and guess what - they grow crops on the flood plan, why do they grow crops on the flood plan, because its rich on Nitrogen-15.
Nitrogen-15 is found in manure, that's because its in rich pasture soil which a rivers flood plain produces - it is found in far greater concentrations than manure. When the flood waters of the Mesolithic retreated it revealed the flood plans which the Neolithic utilised as it was rich, flat and wet.
So congratulations Dr Amy Bogaard on your find - but you found yet another proof of the prehistoric flood plans of Britain.