Monday, 28 November 2011

It doesn't get much dumber than this in achaeology!!


Archaeologists have discovered evidence of two huge pits positioned on celestial alignment at Stonehenge. Shedding new light on the significant association of the monument with the sun, these pits may have contained tall stones, wooden posts or even fires to mark its rising and setting and could have defined a processional route used by agriculturalists to celebrate the passage of the sun across the sky at the summer solstice.

Sounds exciting, but take a look at the video and make your own mind up!



A few questions spring to mind:

Why dig a ditch to walk around? - why not create an elevated platform and processional walkway?

The Cursus is only 2.5km in length - you can walk the circumference in a hour - over the longest day 17 hours  you need to take one step per minute -     S l o w   m o t i o n. . . . . . at best!

From the Heel Stone over 1km - your tiny

Why the Heel Stone? - Why isn't Stonehenge not the centre of observation - have a few chairs and a wild boar on the spit while you wait?

Why a fire - why not a Stone of great height so it can be seen from Stonehenge? - especially, as the site is famous for its large stones.

Why are the pits not at the end of The Cursus - it took 1.2 million man hours to build the dam thing, make it at the end and the Cursus thicker if 2.5km is important - or just slow down even more?

The truth is this is complete rubbish and the joke is on us, the public, who are feed misinformation from the academic world and we are expected to swallow it as real science!!


If your still interested...


From The Independent (shame on you!)

Extraordinary new discoveries are shedding new light on why Britain’s most famous ancient site, Stonehenge, was built – and when.

Current research is now suggesting that Stonehenge may already have been an important sacred site at least 500 years before the first Stone circle was erected – and that the sanctity of its location may have determined the layout of key aspects of the surrounding sacred landscape.

What’s more, the new investigation – being carried out by archaeologists from the universities’ of Birmingham, Bradford  and Vienna – massively increases the evidence linking Stonehenge to pre-historic solar religious beliefs. It increases the likelihood that the site was originally and primarily associated with sun worship

The investigations have also enabled archaeologists  to putatively reconstruct the detailed route of a possible religious procession or other ritual event which they suspect may have taken place annually to the north of Stonehenge.

That putative pre-historic religious ‘procession’ (or, more specifically, the evidence suggesting its route) has implications for understanding Stonehenge’s prehistoric religious function – and suggests that the significance of the site Stonehenge now occupies emerged earlier than has previously been appreciated.
The crucial new archaeological evidence was discovered during on-going survey work around Stonehenge in which archaeologists have been ‘x-raying’ the ground, using ground-penetrating radar and other geophysical investigative techniques. As the archaeological team from Birmingham and Vienna were using these high-tech systems to map the interior of a major prehistoric enclosure (the so-called ‘Cursus’) near Stonehenge, they discovered two great pits, one towards the enclosure’s eastern end, the other nearer its western end.

When they modelled the relationship between these newly-discovered Cursus pits and Stonehenge on their computer system, they realised that, viewed from the so-called ‘Heel Stone’ at Stonehenge, the pits were aligned with sunrise and sunset on the longest day of the year – the summer solstice (midsummer’s day). The chances of those two alignments being purely coincidental are extremely low.

The archaeologists then began to speculate as to what sort of ritual or ceremonial activity might have been carried out at and between the two pits. In many areas of the world, ancient religious and other ceremonies sometimes involved ceremonially processing round the perimeters of monuments. The archaeologists therefore thought it possible that the prehistoric celebrants at the Cursus might have perambulated between the two pits by processing around the perimeter of the Cursus.

Initially this was pure speculation – but then it was realized that there was, potentially a way of trying to test the idea. On midsummer’s day there are in fact three key alignments – not just sunrise and sunset, but also midday (the highest point the sun reaches in its annual cycle). For at noon the key alignment should be due south.

One way to test the ‘procession’ theory (or at least its route) was for the archaeologists  to demonstrate that the midway point on that route had indeed a special relationship with Stonehenge (just as the two pits – the start and end point of the route – had).  The ‘eureka moment’ came when the computer calculations revealed that the midway point (the noon point) on the route aligned directly with the centre of Stonehenge, which was precisely due south.

This realization that the sun hovering over the site of  Stonehenge at its highest point in the year appears to have been of great importance to prehistoric people, is itself of potential significance. For it suggests that the site’s association with the veneration of the sun was perhaps even greater than previously realized.
But the discovery of the Cursus pits, the discovery of the solar alignments and of the putative ‘processional’ route, reveals something else as well – something that could potentially turn the accepted chronology of the Stonehenge landscape on its head.

For decades, modern archaeology has held that Stonehenge was a relative latecomer to the area – and that the other large monument in that landscape – the Cursus – pre-dated it by up to 500 years.

However, the implication of the new evidence is that, in a sense, the story may have been the other way round, i.e. that the site of Stonehenge was sacred before the Cursus was built, says Birmingham archaeologist, Dr. Henry Chapman, who has been modelling the alignments on the computerized reconstructions of the Stonehenge landscape

The argument for this is simple, yet persuasive. Because the ‘due south’ noon alignment of the ‘procession’ route’s mid-point could not occur if the Cursus itself had different dimensions, the design of that monument has to have been conceived specifically to attain that mid-point alignment with the centre of Stonehenge.

What’s more, if that is so, the Stonehenge Heel Stone location had to have been of ritual significance before the Cursus pits were dug (because their alignments are as perceived specifically from the Heel Stone).
Those two facts, when taken together, therefore imply that the site, later occupied by the stones of Stonehenge, was already sacred before construction work began on the Cursus. Unless the midday alignment is a pure coincidence (which is unlikely), it  would imply  that the Stonehenge site’s sacred status is at least 500 years older than previously thought – a fact which raises an intriguing possibility.

For 45 years ago, archaeologists found an 8000 BC Mesolithic (‘Middle’ Stone Age) ritual site in what is now Stonehenge’s car park. The five thousand year gap between that Mesolithic sacred site and Stonehenge itself meant that most archaeologists thought that ‘sacred’ continuity between the two was inherently unlikely. But, with the new discoveries, the time gap has potentially narrowed. Indeed, it’s not known for how long the site of Stonehenge was sacred prior to the construction of the Cursus. So, very long term traditions of geographical sanctity in relation to Britain’s and the world’s best known ancient monument, may now need to be considered.

The University of Birmingham  Stonehenge area survey - the largest of its type ever carried out anywhere in the world – will take a further two years to complete, says Professor Vince Gaffney, the director the project.

Virtually every square meter in a five square mile area surrounding the world most famous pre-historic monument will be examined geophysically to a depth of  up to two metres, he says.
It’s anticipated that dozens, potentially hundreds of previously unknown sites will be discovered as a result of the operation.

The ongoing discoveries in Stonehenge’s sacred prehistoric landscape – being made by Birmingham’s archaeologists and colleagues from the University of Vienna’s Ludwig Boltzmann Institute – are expected to transform scholars’ understanding of the famous monument’s origins, history and meaning.

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)


Wednesday, 23 November 2011

Archaeology's Precautionary Principle and the Uncertainty Paradox

By Robert John Langdon

This is an article that appeared in the Online edition of the BBC website:
A set of human bones at Gloucester museum, always believed to be from the Stone Age, are now thought to be only about 500 years old.

The remains, which have been in storage for more than a century, were labelled "from a long barrow".
Long barrows are ancient Neolithic burial sites from about 6,000 years ago, but radio carbon dating has shown the bones date to between 1523 and 1799.
Gloucester museum's archaeology curator, David Rice, said he was "surprised" by the results.
The box of bones, containing partial remains from at least six individuals, was first officially recorded in a stock take, at what is now Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery, in the 1950s.
An entry in a ledger from the time reads: "Human bones. One skull, calvarium [upper part of skull] only and part of a lower jaw, together with a large number of bones of several individuals, from a long barrow - site unknown, donor unknown".
'Prehistoric site'
The box contained 262 human bone fragments, ranging from complete arm bones to tiny skull fragments.
Mr Rice said: "The bones had been in storage in a cardboard box. All we had to go on was what was written down in the books."
The museum decided to send the relics away for testing, using modern techniques.
Archaeologist Emily Trapnell from Bournemouth University, who carried out the tests on one of the bones from an adolescent, said: "Initially the bones seemed to fit the description of what you'd expect to find from a Neolithic long barrow.
"The remains were very fragmented, and there was also some animal bone amongst them."
'Definitely a shock'
Ms Trapnell said the intention had been to try to identify the geographical location of the long barrow they came from, by testing soil from the bones and using published literature to try to find a match.
"However after radio carbon dating we found the bones date from between 1523 and 1799 so they are actually modern rather than Neolithic.
"It was definitely a shock," she said.
The analysis also suggested that at least one of the skeletons was from a different site to the other bones, but where, exactly, is still unknown.
Mr Rice said: "Usually we believe everything that's written on a label in a museum, but it seems that something's happened here."
There are now various theories which could explain the date being a lot more recent than expected.
One idea is that whoever dug them up wrongly thought they were digging in a long barrow.
'Smoked big pipes'
"Or it could be the bones are contaminated," added Mr Rice.
"These old curators, they all smoked big pipes and passed things around amongst each other, and it could be that some of their material has rubbed off [which could have produced an error in the radio carbon dating]."
BUT HANG ON JUST A MINUTE.....
Why can't the Long Barrow be ONLY 500 years old?
The only scientific evidence that can be obtained from this site is the carbon dated bones that was dated 1500 - 1700 AD and we know they had the ability to make an authentic reproduction of the ancient 'Long Barrow' so why are we so convinced its 6000 years old not 500?
Are we suggesting that common sense dictates that you can not date a monument by the last piece of carbon dating to be found in the site, because it could have been placed there later by people who appreciated that the monument was built by our ancestors and therefore had some kind of deep reverence?
If that is the case, why do archaeologists still persist in allowing the same OBVIOUS mistakes to be made when other bones are found at sites like West Kennett Long Barrow?
The truth is that you can not rely on the last carbon dating evidence found on a site to date that site, it is a nonsense, yet 90% of archaeology is based on this false conclusion - this 'harms' humanity as it portrays a false sense of history and fails to give us guidance to a better understanding of the origin of the species.
RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)






Tuesday, 22 November 2011

The Islands of KENT

By Robert John Langdon

Further to my article on Essex here is one on Kent with a feature on Coldrum.
Islands of Kent

As you see Kent was a collection of four main and a handful of smaller islands.  The most important fact is that to the East (right hand side) of the map lay Doggerland, which we believe was the lost continent of Atlantis.

The waterway highlighted here was therefore of immense importance as to the north of this map lay the expanded Thames river which joined the Kennett and Avon rivers to flow into the Bristol Channel and the Atlantic Ocean.  This would therefore been the main route the Atlanteans took to sail to the Mediterranean.

Coldrum is believed by archaeologists to be a 'Long Barrow' so I investigated it last week to test their theory, as if it was a Long Barrow' it would be used to navigate ships through this area toward either Doggerland/Atlantis or the Atlantic.

When we look at Coldrum on the Mesolithic Map we notice that it lay not on a hill but by the shoreline.

Coldrum
Clearly as you see from the map Coldrum is NOT a Long Barrow as it is a diamond/square shape on the shore of the Mesolithic Waterways.  To confirm this we need to look at the site and assess how the shoreline would have looked in 8500BC.

Entrance showing it's built on a natural mound - the standing stones that was on the shoreline have fallen into what would have been the shoreline/water

When you look at the entrance you notice that it's on a steep hill - unlike a Long Barrow - this clearly is the mooring point for the site where you would disembark from your boat/ship.

Mooring point for boats - as its a natural harbour
The bank is not man made as it extends for about a quarter of a mile north and is rounded to the south to create a perfect peninsula. It has 20+ large Sarsen stones which clearly has been transported here (by boat) as their are no natural crops of this stone locally.

So why did the archaeologists get it so wrong?

The Official Noticeboard

Well according to the first archaeologists that dug the site to bits and destroyed the original shape it was a stone circle and there is still a 1926 plaque on the site to prove their hypothesis - but recently it has turned into a 'Long Barrow', although its not long at all and according to the illustration, is square (So is it a Square Barrow?? if the sites does not fit convention just make it up it seems!)  

To show you how ridiculous it has become they show visitors a chambered mound with an entrance - the problem is the mound has completely disappeared through 'weathering' (although the surrounding area has not been effected by this very selective weather).

NB. You see a lot of that kind of rubbish, if you study archaeology.

The large standing stones are similar to the ones we have seen at Avebury and would be used to tie up the boats and ships as mooring points.  The area behind the boarding platform would have probably been a fire beacon to attract the ships as again we have seen in Avebury and Woodhenge.  This would been seen for hundreds of miles and acted as a safe harbour in story weather as another island of Kent is just 10miles over towards the east opposite.
On top of the Island entrance looking back towards Doggerland/Atlantis beyond the valley
In conclusion, Coldrum is a Mooring Point on the Mesolithic coast, Yes they have found skeletons there but as my next blog will show you, dead bodies do not dictate the function of the site - unless, of course, you haven't got a clue on why our ancestors built these sites.




Sunday, 13 November 2011

New Web Site Launched

By Robert John Langdon

On 11th Day of the 11th Month of the 11th years at 11:11 and 11 seconds we launched my new TRILOGY on Prehistoric Britain.

www.prehistoric-britain.co.uk

The timing was important as the 'end of the world as we know it' has historically been predicted on these unique dating events.  This time I was determined to make one of these predictions come true and this trilogy was the solution - as it changes the history, of not only Britain, but Europe and the known  Prehistoric world.

The trilogy looks at the prehistoric findings in archaeology within the book The Stonehenge Enigma.  This books was critical in proving that Stonehenge is 5,000 years older than current estimates.  The proof of this date was found in the Car Park of the Site as in 1966 three post holes were found and carbon dated as 8500BC - the reason for this date was that this was the mooring spot for the boats that carried the Bluestones from the Welsh Preseli Mountains, take completed stage I of the Monument.

But, this was not the only proof of my hypothesis for we also found the navigational aids that allowed the boats to move from port to port during the Mesolithic Period - the Long Barrow.  Later in the Mesolithic as the ground water levels fell these markers were replaced by Round Barrows for our ancestors who by then started to travelled by foot.

My next book in the trilogy (launch date June 2012) The Dawn of the Lost Civilisation traces the civilisation that constructed these monuments on their watery landscape - a land known by the ancient Greeks and Egyptian as Atlantis.  I will show where this civilisation originated through an amazing human mutation that not only made their appearance unique but moreover, changed their DNA and human biology to such an extent that 80% of Europe's population still carries this gene mutation showing us that this civilisation has survived in various forms even today.

The book will not only share the biological secrets of this civilisation, but we will also look at the history of this civilisation's anthropology, to show you; how they looked, what language they spoke and how they morally behaved including the philosophies they handed down to us in the distant past.  As tangible evidence to our hypothesis we will show you a 'map' that still survives within the Stonehenge monument that was constructed as a remembrance to their homeland thousands of years after it was washed away in a place we now call the North Sea.

Looking at the surviving written evidence and mythology we will show how this civilisation lived and the tools and technology that they shared with all mankind that eventually allowed homo sapiens to move from the trees to the moon in a blink of an eye.

Finally, Echoes of Atlantis - will show where these 'homo superiors' went after their homeland finally disappeared and how this peaceful civilisation which mythology still kept alive in our spirit for they lived in a place we often call 'utopia' a society existing in perfect harmony with their surroundings and whose philosophy dictated their final integration into foreign lands and societies - but whose footprints and essence can still be traced today throughout the world.



The final part of the trilogy will be launched in June 2014, with the second edition of 'The Stonehenge Enigma' to be published in June 2013.

This will complete the most important book since Darwin's 'Origin of the Species' for it re-writes our history and therefore for the first time we will understand who we are and were we came from.