Tuesday, 31 January 2012

So who built Stonehenge and what are these Cro-Magnons?

By Robert John Langdon

Cro-Magnon is the name of a rock shelter near Dordogne, France.  Here three prehistoric skeletons were found in 1868, these humanoid remains are about 28,000 years old.  These skeletons showed the same forehead, upright posture and slender skeletons as modern humans.  Necklaces were found buried with their bodies suggesting the first forms of Homo Sapiens burial rights.  These bodies showed signs of illness and injury; some had fused vertebrae in their necks and others have skull fractures showing that they had cared for each other as these skeletons showed signs of healing and therefore living beyond their injuries.

The reason they were found in a cave has never been fully questioned by archaeologists as often referring to our ancestors as ‘cavemen’ existing only 30,000 years ago ’

How a Cro-magnon man would have looked in comparison to us today - big stones to us, pebbles to them!

This analogy is not very helpful in understanding the complex societies of the past, suggesting the entire population lived in caves, on this basis we would need to cut down the estimated number of humans in Europe at this time by about 70% as there would be insufficient cave for this society.  Moreover, as we have already indicated the animal population, such as the Brown Bear, outnumbered the human population by about 60:1 and they also live in caves, somewhat precarious for a ‘caveman’.

Such misinterpretations cause the study of our history endless problems, as when archaeologists find human bones in caves with bite and scratch marks (from teeth), they immediately assume that these humans were cannibals and therefore primitive and barbaric.  In reality is that they were more likely dinner for either a brown bear or wild cat that roamed the forests of prehistoric Europe.

This exact situation can be identified in another cave discovery of the oldest Cro-Magnon near the Iron Gates in Romania, this site is situated in the Danubain corridor, which maybe the entry point for the Cro-Magnons into Europe from Asia.  Pestera cu Oase (cave with bones) ‘Oase 1’ has a thick jawbone and other Neanderthal features, but with other Homo Sapien features showing signs of being one of the first ‘cross breeds’, he has been dated at 35,000 years ago  – about the same time mankind left Siberia and entered Europe. 

Did Cro-Magnons exist before humanoids moved into Europe or did humanoids move into Europe then became Cro-Magnon?

Before we try to answer this we must try to understand why archaeologists believed this was a sub-species of man and hence the name Cro-Magnon.   The skull is longheaded, the forehead is straight, the brow ridges only slightly projecting, the cranial vault is noticeably flattened and the occipital bone (at the back of the head) projects backwards.  The cranial capacity (brain) is larger than ours, about 1600cc .

Although the skull is relatively long and narrow, the face appears quite short and wide.  The forward projection of the upper jaw is also distinctive, the eye sockets are low-set and rather square in shape and the nasal aperture of the skull is narrow and strongly projecting.  The mandible is robust, with massive ascending ramus (the upward projection of the jaw, where it attaches to the skull), has strongly developed points of muscular attachment and quite a prominent chin. The stature of Cro-Magnon is tall on average about 6' 3"  foot tall, and some up to 7' and their longevity was exceptional for a prehistoric Society as some skeletons are found to be over 50 years old – this should be set in context to other groups, the average age of a Neolithic man was 25 and a Roman 30.

You can see why the Victorians with an average height of 5’ 2” and an average age of death at 34 (44 for the academic classes and 25 the a working class) saw Cro-Magnon man as a sub-species as far apart from themselves as the Neanderthal.

An interesting fact is that there are notable differences between Eastern and Western types of Cro-Magnon man.  The Eastern types have been given individual titles to show the variation such as Brunn Man, Predmost or Combe Capelle.  These Eastern types of humanoid, are generally shorter, more gracile  and smaller brained than our Cro-Magnon, but there is now a tendency to place them all under the banner of ‘modern man’ which has the effect of confusing the issue and leading to generalisations that Cro-Magnon was not as tall or larger brained as they were for smaller non-Cro-Magnons have been added to bring down the average statistic. As an example, the Combe Capelle Man is only 5’ 4” rather than the six foot statue of the Cro-Magnon and hence some reference books classify incorrectly Cro-Magnons as 5’ 6” – 5’ 7”, which is misleading.

These ancestors would at the end of the Ice Age move North from France to Doggerland using reed boats to carry themselves and their families,  were they would flourish and create the 'Megalithic' civilisation that went forth and constructed the prehistoric structures that included Stonehenge, for not only had evolution granted them superior bodies, but their brains where 20% larger than today's modern man giving them an IQ of 150 making us look somewhat 'small' in comparison.

The entire history and the 'Ascent of Man' is discussed in my new book 'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation' which is due to be published in June 2012, this will illustrate where mankind has come from using DNA genetics and how this civilisation created the most famous myth our history 'Atlantis' and why we no longer call Cro-Magnon's by their original name as the anthropologists refer to them as 'modern man' so not to cause any social diversity within today's politically correct society.


(by Robert John Langdon)

Saturday, 7 January 2012

Irrefutable proof of my hypothesis

By Robert John Langdon

Happy New Year!

I have left the most persuasive proof of my book 'The Stonehenge Enigma' for the first post of 2012.  In 2000 the Museum of London, published a book based on the research undertaken when the extension to the Jubilee Line was being planned.

This research was written by Jane Sidell, Keith Wilkinson , Robert Scaife and Nigel Cameron, all experts in their field working for either the Museum of London or associated Universities.  The book 'The Holocene Evolution of the London Thames', did not raise much interest even though the conclusions should have alerted the archaeological world to the fact that the Holocene (immediately after the ice age) environment was much changed from today.

Here is an example map of their findings:

London in the Roman/Iron Age Period
'Thorney Island' on the left of the map, that is now the location of Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament.

Houses of Parliament and Thorney Island
Notice how much bigger the Thames was just 2000 years ago compared to today.  This is why the first roads were built via Thorney Island as the City of London was impossible to cross without a boat.  Later when the Romans had need of a deep water harbour, the city of London was used and bridges were built to span the river.

If we go back to the first map we see the larger Thames and lots of sand known to geologists as 'alluvium'.  This sand is produced on the banks of rivers as they shrink over the centuries, this give us an indication where the rivers used to flow and the size of the river.  The Thames is quite recent and was made (cut by water) during and just AFTER the last ice age and geologists have plotted its original course north of its current position PRIOR to the last ice age.

Consequently, as we know the river only existed in the Holocene period, we can model the Thames as it was just after the ice melted in the Mesolithic Period.

Mesolithic London and the Thames
As you can see the Thames was 10 times larger than today, which is quite a surprise.   Moreover, the most important question these or subsequent archaeologists did not ask was:

As the River Thames is freshwater and in the Mesolithic Period the Sea water levels were 65m lower than today - where did all that water come from to fill the Thames to that extent?

And the ONLY answer to this question is 'groundwater levels' and Rivers that feed the Thames directly.  Consequently, these volume will in turn need to be 10 times greater than today.  So with all that extra groundwater and swollen rivers - how would Britain look in the Mesolithic Period?

Southern Britain in the Mesolithic Period
The River Thames is feed by many rivers including the Kennet and River Avon, both of which would needed to be 10 times larger to feed the Thames the water it needed to create the 'alluvium' our archaeologist found in the Lower Thames.  This means the River Avon would go from being 65m high at Amesbury to 97m high.  At this height Stonehenge would become a peninsula surrounded by water and the Mesolithic post holes, found in 1966, would have been on the shoreline - for they were used to moor the boats that brought the stones from the Preseli mountains in Wales - a simple and direct route in the Flooded Mesolithic.

For Stonehenge was built NOT in the Neolithic in 3000BC but in the Mesolithic in 8500BC - hence proving my hypothesis.


(by Robert John Langdon)