Tuesday, 20 March 2012

More Advanced Technology of the Ancients

By Robert John Langdon

One of the interesting problems I have as an author and historian, is to show people just how inaccurate archaeologists and anthropologists have portrayed our ancestors.   We still see pictures in museums and on-line of Mesolithic people either half naked or wrapped in furs - when we know from evidence, in the form of imprints on clay floors found in caves, that thousands of years before the end of the last ice age, Cro-Magnon's (our ancestors) wore woven clothes and some graves (frozen in time) in Russia show the same people with trousers and fur covered shoes.



But this depiction is not the only misinformation archaeologists have perpetuated over the years.  Missing from the archaeological time-line is the use of utensils - bowls, spoons etc.  They seem to conclude, that until the use of  clay and pottery, our ancestors had nothing.  This is clearly not true, and my next book 'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation' shows that these people possessed advanced technological tools such as bows and microliths (very small flints) that allowed them to hunt effectively.  But moreover, this same technology allowed the production of wooden utensils by making a wood turning lathe.  Most people would consider wooden lathes a modern invention, but the first known wooden lathe was found on a Egyptian wall dated at 300 BCE.

Two man Egyptian Lathe

But this is not 'Rocket Science' for the Cro-Magnon's as you see from the video, you need string, wood and a tree branch for power - in the video the modern equivalent of this device uses metal for the cutting of the wood (a chisel) and metal points to secure the wood in position.  This is the reason the possibility of even more ancient people having this device has been ignored.  But we have found these devices in the micolithic tool kit of the 'Magdalenian' period (15,000 - 7,000 BCE).

Only one found complete is known as the Tvaermose arrow  -  its NOT an arrow its a chisel!

These strange 'trapeze' shaped microliths are perfect chisels when mounted on wood and there are other microliths called burins that are known to have been made for engraving and grooving.

A Burin - perfect for wood turning

But the main problem for archaeologists is in 'setting' the wood between two points - So try two of these.

These are perfect Lathe wood holders - with a hole to keep the wood in place when turning.


Simple but very effective, therefore Cro-Magnon man could now have a complete domestic kitchen with utensils take dont let him drop food down his trousers /fur skin!

Who needs pottery?
Not quite as privative the history books would have you believe.  And if you dont have a tree to bend try this portable device using a bow saw.



Anthropologists and archaeologists would have you believe the builders of Stonehenge could make such a colossal construction, but could not use a bow saw to turn wood or live in houses - its pure nonsense.  Has this Moroccan boy and his friends the ability to make a Stonehenge - I don't think so!

Moreover, the most interesting aspect of this available technology is that it was 'preferred' to clay pottery.  The first Kiln was known to have been built in France in 14,000 BCE - but the Cro-Magnon's did not use them - we believe the reason for using wood over clay is a medical as published in the Feb. 6, 1993 edition of Science News, an article describes research claiming that wooden cutting boards possess some sort of bacteria-killing properties, thus making them less likely to contaminate food than clay, this and other 'naturalist' habits are explored in my new book out in June.


RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)



Sunday, 11 March 2012

Belas Knap - Night of the Long Skulls

By Robert John Langdon

Archaeology has a history of treasure hunting and ignorance. This controversial view is best seen at a site I visited last weekend called Belas Knap in Gloucester.

Belas Knap - quite amazing how archaeologists have never seen it as a boat! 

It is one of the 'best preserved' Long Barrows in the country and that is the reason that I have left it so long to see!  I read 'best preserved' as 'completely remodelled' and to understand this statement you must know its history.


Excavations

1863 - 1865 Mr. Lauriston Winterbotham & Mr. Joseph C. Chamberlayne / Cham-Berlayne  Esq. (Land Owner) The first formal excavation of the barrow first took place between 1863 - 1864 and was carried out by Mr. L. Winterbotham. The work was continued in 1865 by  Joseph Chamberlayne who owned the land on which the barrow was located.   They initially discovered the remains of four skeletons including two skulls.  The remains of five children and one adult male skull were later found behind the false entrance a further 26 skeletons were discovered in the additional chambers. Animal bones were also discovered as was a small amount of pottery. Overall the exploration was conducted in the style of the time which was far less careful and detailed than would be the standard expected by modern archaeologists - this equates to a bunch of 'navvy' workmen with pickaxes and a grand plan to find buried treasure.  During the excavation it was also claimed that a circle of stones had been discovered within the mound along with a significant amount of ashes. It was this excavation that discovered the horns of the mound which, at some time in the past, had been filled in to conceal the false entrance.

Bellas Knap diagram shows the so called 'horns'



1890 Excavation and Restoration
Sadly, the original team left the site in a state of considerable disrepair and its initial restoration was carried out by Mrs Emma Dent of Sudeley Castle.  She employed a number of local men to rebuild the walls and it was during this time that Albert Potter of Winchcombe discovered a large horizontal stone supported by several uprights under which was a single skeleton that had been placed in a seated position with its elbows resting on its knees. The restoration carried out by Mrs Dent was meticulous and later archaeologists commented that it was difficult to distinguish between the original construction and the restorations - except it was different stone  of a different size.


The 'so called False' entrance


1928 - 1930 Sir James Berry & Mr. Wilfred James Hemp 
The excavation that took place between 1928 - 1930 re-examined the findings of the original study carried out in 1863.  From the report written by Wilfred Hemp it's clear to see that he was deeply upset by the poor records kept by Winterbotham and Chamberlayne and refers to the tomb as having been "violated".  Hemp was unable to rediscover the stone circle or the ashes.  However, he did discover the true shape and contour of the barrow which contributed significantly to the quality of its final restoration.  it was also during this excavation that the idea was put forward that the long barrow had actually been constructed to enclose and incorporate several pre-existing but smaller barrows from an earlier period - which can only be guess work as little of the original remained.


East side of Belas Knap showing the moat that surrounds the Long Barrow


So, its a well known tale of treasure hunting and restoring of an object that they had no blue print, just an idea of how it should have looked, based on a burial mound.  Therefore, you can see why I left it so long to visit.  But to my surprise there is enough left to 'reconstruct' the reconstruction and allow us to new insight and proof of our hypothesis.  As we have described in 'The Stonehenge Enigma' Long Barrows are boats to the afterlife, this Long Barrow gives us a clear indication of how the boats looked and designed with the 'galley' section to the rear of the boat, like canal long boats.

A view prior to the restoration showing the scale of destruction by treasure hunter s/archaeologists

A ditch is built around the construction, which would have filled with water, as at the time of construction the groundwater levels were higher than today.  As in the West Kennet Long Barrow the rear entrance would have housed chambers for the dead to be laid out - this is of the same design but the destruction, has lead later archaeologists to reconstruct these chambers to the side rather than through the centre as West Kennet. In the centre of this chamber there would have been, it seems, a stone circle as shown on the diagram and the bodies of the dead.




But the most interesting find from the site was its skulls for the Victorians who were great 'cranial' observers noticed that:

"Craniologists of the time used a ratio based on length and width measurements, known as the cranial index, to divide skulls into two basic types: 'dolichocephalic', long and narrow in shape, and 'brachycephalic', broad and round in shape. Based on his observations at sites like Belas Knap, Thurnam established his famous axiom, 'long barrows, long skulls; round barrows, round skulls'. The long skulls were found in long barrows and never in association with metallic artefacts, while round skulls were found in round barrows sometimes with metalwork"

British Archaeology Mag 2002: www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba63/feat3.shtm


Long Skulls with distinct eye ridges are Cro-Magnon


So we have this new correlation between Long Barrows and Cro-Magnon's and Round Barrows and WHO?

Well the dating of Long Barrows and Round Barrows has always been close in Archaeological estimates - the Long Barrow only goes back to 4000BC and the Round Barrow starts at 2500BC - just 1500 years and both in the Neolithic Period.

This left Victorian Archaeologists with a dilemma, for how was this possible, when it takes thousands if not tens of thousands of years to structurally alter human craniums?  

Well, archaeologists simply invent a war or a cultural invasion - why not, these are 'primitive savages' aren't they? - So job done, two different civilisation and two shown by two different skulls and two different building techniques.  UNFORTUNATELY, someone invented DNA linkages and found out that 80% of the population in Britain is 'Haplogroup' linked to Cro-Magnon man (the long heads).

Now if the original thery was right then the Cro-Magnon's (us) either had to run away somewhere and hide for a few thousand years (although cro-magnon's were 6'3" and the 'round heads 5' 4"), then came back when they went away (leaving no trace of these round heads) or the dates of Long Barrows are completely WRONG!!

The fact is that Cro-Magnon's existed 25,000 years ago and over these many years of adapting and cross breeding with other non-Cro-Magnon humans, changed their structure to what we see around us today is a clue that these Long Barrows are far older that current estimations.  Moreover, modern scientists have found that in the 'Neolithic Revolution' we shrank!!  The new agricultural diet and dairy products caused a massive change in our bodies and hence the smaller round heads are NOT invading forces - their US adapting to farming, which took many thousands of years, not 1500 years.

This means the original Cro-Magnon's found in Long Barrows are MESOLITHIC prior to the Neolithic farming revolution, and where have you heard it before - in my book 'The Stonehenge Enigma' that dates these sites by the post Ice Age ground water levels at 8500BC - 5000BC. Yet again more empirical evidence to support my hypothesis.




   RJL


(by Robert John Langdon)





Saturday, 3 March 2012

Toys 'R' Us - 5500BCE

By Robert John Langdon

I need to place this piece of archaeological news on my blog that seemed to miss the radar (News/ TV), as it is either a great hoax or one of the most incredible prehistoric finds ever.


Toy car - based on what?


The oldest toy car (right) is as old as 5500 BCE and was found near the North Kurdish town of Qoser (Kızıltepe). The car is worked on stone, has axles of different length and pre-dates Indoeuropeans by a lot. 


Previously the oldest known toy cars were from Turkmenistan (Altyndepe) or Mesopotamia, being dated to the fourth millennium BCE.


Other findings in the same site (also worked on stone) are dolls and whistles, the latter still able to produce sounds. These however could be more recent, from the fourth millennium.






http://www.todayszaman.com/news-266943-worlds-earliest-toy-car-and-title-deed-on-show-at-mardin-museum.html


If this is genuine, then its the first recorded use of the wheel some 2500 earlier than currently believed.  The most interesting aspect of this discovery, is that nearly all toys are based on objects that are used or seen on a day to day basis.  This then adds credibility to my hypothesis that 'The Avenue'  used such devices (carts) to transport the Sarsen stones down the first man-made road (The Avenue) from the ships/boats that brought the stones to Stonehenge.


The Avenue showing the Neolithic Waterway in 4300BCE



Maltese Cart Tracks - similar cart wheel cuttings have been found under the Avenue.

If these toy models are genuine - then the axles are of the greatest engineering interest as a toy would normally have just a small pole bit to attach the wheels rather than a complete axial.  It shows the technology was available 1200 years before the construction of the Sarsen phase of Stonehenge (4300BC), as for the location, my new book shows that the trading route from the Black Sea to Doggerland was being used over 4000 years before this toy was made and therefore the technology would have been known in both Mesopotamia and Doggerland (Atlantis).

RJL

(by Robert John Langdon)