Friday, 27 April 2012

Echoes of Atlantis

By Robert John Langdon

During my research of my THIRD book 'Echoes of Atlantis' which looks at what happened to the Cro-Magnon's of Doggerland/Atlantis after their homeland was flooded in 4300BC, I came across this burial mound in Orkney called 'Maeshowe'.  Today I found inside the New Scientist probably the best illustration of this monument to date, which I wanted to share with you.

Crown Copyright, reproduced courtesy of historic Scotland - archaeologists still believe that this construction was made by a 'primitive' civilisation, that lived in caves and mud huts covered in just fur skin - do you?
Clearly the 'signature' of the builders can be seen in both this burial mound in Scotland and the Great Pyramid of Giza, which would have been probably construct about 1,000 years later in Stone, hence the higher level of finishing.

Great Pyramid Gaza
The chances of ANY two civilisations following the same 'concepts' in their buildings are astronomical, which can be shown today, as NOBODY buries bodies in pyramids or mounds any more, remembering that there are over 200 countries/societies  in this world.  So this design and construction technique was unique to a single civilisation as you can see from these illustrations.

1861 Maeshowe excavation drawing
Great Pyramid Inner Chamber - note the roof

Chamber connection Maeshowe
Great Pyramid chamber connection

This is not the only link we have with the Cro-Magnon/Atlanteans and the Pharaohs in Egypt.  National Geographic have taken samples of 'King Tut' and analysed his DNA (but failed to publish the data as it was seen to be 'politically incorrect').  They found to their astonishment that king tut had Haplogroup R1b1a2 which is a CELTIC - don't take my word for this watch this from the states.

So researchers throughout the world are working on revealing the past mistakes in our history and coming to the same conclusions without delving into the detail, we have achieved in my trilogy, to revel where these people came from and how they looked and acted.  For example the landmass seen on this video could not physically exist, the landmass we have shown to be Doggerland/Atlantis, geologists now admit did exist at the time Plato wrote about his dialogues (9500BC).

Before we move away from Maeshowe, I would like to show you why the 'Victorian Archaeologists' destroyed most of the Barrows that existed in the British landscape looking for 'hidden treasure'.  This is a Burial mound.

Maeshowe - Orkneys

Notice that it is round like a round barrow, but it is much bigger and surrounded by a walled moat.  The reason it is surrounded by a walled moat is because it was supposed to represent the 'afterlife' and it is than an 'island' were the dead person would live.  When it was constructed the area within the wall would have flooded to make it more of a lake with a island.

Round Barrows near Stonehenge

These are round barrows that were built some 3-4,000 years later as 'Navigation Markers' - like miles stones, helping foot travellers to get to their destination.  The original barrows would have had Standing stones placed on the top, to increase viability over a distance. They are much smaller and have a hint of a moat around the base.  The two are totally different for NOT ONE SINGLE BURIAL was ever found at the base of a round barrow - some have been found added to the sides at a later date, as you may do with ancient markers in the landscape.

Finally, both the burial mound at Maestowe and The Great Pyramid at Giza are not 'Neolithic' or built in the 3rd Millennium BC.  As we have seen with St Michaels Mount in Carnac.

This artefact has been carbon dated back to the 6th millennium BC in the middle of the Cro-Magnon  Doggerland/Atlantis empire that lasted between 12,000 - 4,300 BC.  Echoes of Atlantis is due to be published in June 2014 - but well worth the wait!!


(by Robert John Langdon)

Saturday, 21 April 2012

In support of Scientific Ignorance

By Robert John Langdon

From the New Scientist.

How ignorance drives science, university lecturer Stuart Firestein is dedicating his class to what we don't know.  PROFESSOR Stuart Firestein worries about his students: what will graduate schools think of men and women who got top marks in Ignorance? A biologist and expert in olfaction at Columbia University in New York City, Firestein lectures undergraduates each week on what we don't know.

Discussing what remains outside human understanding, and how we whittle away at the edges of such ignorance, is Firestein's way of acquainting students with how scientists think. The course is designed to give a grounding on the scientific method to students not pursuing a science degree.

The fundamental attribute of successful scientists, Firestein argues in this pithy book, is a form of ignorance characterised by knowing what you don't know, and being able to ask the right questions. Plenty of classes offer enquiring minds vast piles of knowledge. Firestein says he is out to expose students to the mysteries, to what glimmers beyond human understanding.

To demonstrate the crucial role of this type of informed ignorance, Firestein highlights two well-known examples. The first, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, asserts that we cannot know the position and momentum of a particle simultaneously. That is, the more we home in on one property, the less accurately we can determine the other. His second example is Gödel's incompleteness theorems. These state that there is no entirely self-consistent logical framework for mathematics. In essence, they show that you can always formulate logical statements for which there will be no clear true or false answer. Firestein underscores how, instead of leading us to dead ends, both of these discoveries answered some questions and, importantly, positioned scientists to ask more.

He also provides a simpler example. Mathematicians in ancient Greece were frustrated when they could not calculate the square root of 2 - the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle when the other sides each equal 1. Now, he points out, we just use this value (√2), an irrational number, to solve equations.

Firestein also includes more modern examples of productive ignorance. As part of his course, he invites fellow scientists to come and talk about the limits of knowledge within their particular fields. For example, psychologist and animal-behaviour researcher Irene Pepperberg discussed the question of whether animals possess consciousness.

Pepperberg studied her famous parrot Alex for 30 years - until he died aged 31 - and taught the bird 100 words, which he used in simple phrases. Her research, she says, gave us "a glimpse of his brain". We may not have an answer to the wrong-headed question of whether birds possess true language, but Alex inspired new questions about how we understand animal minds.

Several other guest lecturers came from the world of physics. Firestein argues that physics occupies a special place among the sciences because its scope ranges from everyday phenomena to worlds both incomprehensible and infinitesimal in scale. Yet when a theoretical physicist came to present his work before the class, it revealed the limits of Firestein's approach, and perhaps that of any course that attempts to truly reveal how scientists think. Theoretical physicists often work with concepts difficult to convey in language, so instead express their ideas in equations using mathematics that even most scientists could not fathom.

Firestein closes by sharing his own experience. Unusually for a professor of biology, he spent more than 15 years working in the theatre. He did not take his first college course until he was 30 and earned his doctorate at 40 before moving into his specialisation. This late entry into academia made him unusually aware of the need to get comfortable with the limits of his knowledge. He says that the ability to identify the boundaries of one's ignorance is essential to pushing them back.

As a student of Philosophy and Quantum Mechanics, and yes they are linked as I believe that QM is the mathematics of Metaphysics - as both can only be fully understood, if you accept that the universe is possibly not as solid or complete as our traditional science teachers once lead me to believe, many years ago in school.

So what does this have to do with Archaeology or my trilogy?

In a strange way you need a new set of rules to understand prehistory, mathematics call it algebra, when Einstein wrote  E = MC2, he was creating symbols to represent concepts. This is a new mathematical language which allows QM physicists to play with concepts beyond the limitations of the mind.

This has practical applications, for when Darwin wished to PROVE his evolution theory he needed a new kind of maths that could calculate the chances of mutation within biological evolution - this was finally achieved by a brilliant young man called Robert Fisher (not the chess player) who never obtained the fame that Darwin attracted, in his book 'The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection' published in 1930.

To understand prehistory, I believe you need new set of mental and judgement criteria, artefacts on there own, like Stonehenge as an entity, do little to tell you about their society and its complexity.  But the engineering and maths of the constructions does offer us a new insight of their mindset and concepts of the designers.

These new 'insights' about Stonehenge and there builders include the discovery of how the monument originally looked, which lead me to discover the famous 'Golden Ratio' - which we also find in Greek and Egyptian buildings over 1,000 years later, indicating a the existence of a structured and far travelled society of great knowledge and ability, far beyond the stones that archaeologist attempt to decode.


(by Robert John Langdon)

Monday, 9 April 2012

Do Apes play with fire? - Homo Erectus sure did!

By Robert John Langdon

This very important discovery I found in the latest 'New Scientist' magazine - which nicely follows up  my last blog on blood groups and American migration of the Cro-Magnons. Again the importance of such a find has been overlooked by the mass media, who fail to understand human psychology and it's importance in the 'Ascent of Man.

Homo Erectus
Stereotypical Homo Erectus 'Ape Man'

"You could call it the original baptism of fire: the moment hominins first began controlling flames. There is now evidence that moment came at least 1 million years ago, a finding that will reignite the debate over whether human anatomy was changed forever by cooking.

Fire is a tricky thing to pin down in the archaeological record. According to Michael Chazan at the University of Toronto, Canada, the oldest obvious hearths are just 400,000 years old – though the remains of burned wood, stones and food at an Israeli site suggests that hominins were using fire 790,000 years ago.

Some researchers claim that changes to early hominin anatomy hint that our forerunners began using fire to cook even earlier than this, though the evidence is hotly contested. Molars shrank and skulls grew around 1.9 million years ago, which according to Richard Wrangham at Harvard University reflects the moment that hominins developed a taste for cooked food. As this requires less chewing and digesting, the theory goes, it freed up energy to sustain a larger brain.

There is a huge discrepancy between the timing of these changes in hominin anatomy and the archaeological record of fire, says Chazan. "My heavy bias has always been that humans didn't control fire until much later – until now." In fact, he says, earlier evidence of fire does exist, you just have to look for it in the right way."

Homo Erectus
Homo Erectus around a 'non-existent' log fire!

So why is this finding so important?

Homo Erectus has a 'reputation' of being a primitive 'ape man' that left Africa some 1 million years ago.  But the fact that he 'left Africa' and now it is known that he used fire changes everything.  For wild 'Apes DO NOT play with fire' they run away (forget the circus freaks that are trained) to use fire shows intelligence, to migrate to better pastures also shows intelligence, for Apes seldom migrate halfway around the world!!

So what do we know about Homo Erectus? 

It is widely accepted that population similar to Homo Erectus was directly ancestral to the earliest members of living species Homo sapiens. The exact timing and mode of transformation are still controversial.

Homo erectus appears to have evolved in Africa about 1.8 million years ago. Migrations first to Asia and then to Europe. the species became extinct sometimes less than .5 million years ago. This timing places Homo erectus between Homo habilis and the earliest appearance of Homo sapiens. The time of migration out of Africa is unknown. Most scholars agreed migration occur about 1 million years ago but there is continue debate over how much earlier than this had begun.

Recently a Homo erectus lower jaw has been found in Georgia and said to be 1.6 million years ago. A number of important firsts were recorded during the Homo erectus’ existence.

  • The first appearance of hominids outside of Africa.
  • The first appearance of systematic hunting.
  • Tool making and use of fire.
  • First indication of extended childhood.
  • Homo Erectus was capable of a more complex life.
  • The brain size was increased over halibis ranging between 850 and 1100 cm cube.
  • Body size also increased. Reaching close to 1.8 meters in male and 1.55 meters in females.
  • The cranium is long and low and somewhat flattened at the front and back.
  • The cranial bone being thicker than in earlier hominids.
  • The face is short but wide and the nasal aperture projected forward, suggesting the first appearance of the typical human external nose with the nostril facing downward.
  • Pronounced brow ridges are present above the orbits.

So are these pictures a true representation of how Homo Erectus looked? 

Not long ago Homo Neanderthal had a similar appearance prior to the discovery of the species DNA and Haplogroup.

Old fashioned view of a Neanderthal
Then suddenly they found that this 'ape men' had red/blonde hair and blue eyes and overnight we were presented with a very different vision of a Neanderthal.

Modern view of a Neanderthal with Blue Eyes and Blonde hair

What are the chances that when we do eventually find a good DNA sample of Homo Erectus,  the look and view of this man will change just the same?

It is my opinion that Homo Erectus was the Hominid that spread to America (through multiple mutations) and carried the 'O' blood group we found in the indigenous species.  Remembering that Homo Neanderthal left Africa 200,000 years ago and was only able to spread by 'natural' migration by foot to Europe and Western Asia.  This also shows that Homo Sapiens (who left Africa 50,000 years ago) were only able to travel to the Middle East and the Caspian Sea in 15,000 years, in a similar fashion.  At this rate of migration they would have not reached Western Europe for another 15,000 years - but they did it in just 5,000 years.

The reason is because they used BOATS for the first time which accelerated they speed of immigration, not only to Europe but also to America which would according to Homo Erectus could have taken up to 1 million years if they had walked.

(by Robert John Langdon)

Sunday, 1 April 2012

Cro-Magnon/Atlanteans colonised America

By Robert John Langdon

This month we resolve one of the greatest mysteries in anthropology, how the A, B and AB blood groups originated in North America.  As Wikipedia would tell you:
According to the New World migration model, a migration of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge that connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The most recent point at which this migration could have taken place, where the first Americans set foot on Alaska, is 40,000 - 12,000 years ago; a hotly disputed topic. 

Traditional Distribution of 'Walking' humans in time

The early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation accounts.

While some indigenous peoples of the Americas were historically hunter-gatherers, many practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas.  Some societies depended heavily on agriculture while others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires.

Blood Type 'O' map - Notices the Blue Areas of 'O' only

Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Bolivia, Peru, Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, and Ecuador. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas.  Some, such as Quechua languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still uncontacted peoples.

So, according to wiki,  about 40,000 years ago Homo Sapiens walked across the land bridge of Alaska and entered America (my book shows that it was more like 50,000 years ago, at the same time man found Australia), finally going south to the reached South America all sharing the same blood type 'O', but then a second wave came across in 12,000 BP and brought the Blood type A, B and AB with them and settle only in North America.  But there is a huge problem with this theory ( a part from who in their right mind would walk across a foot bridge over a thousand years, to a place were its cold and inhospitable?) for the next map shows the Rh negative distribution of Blood from the Asian continent.

On the East Coast of Asia there is no Rh Neg blood, 90% of the Blood is 'O' type Rh positive - less than 10% A,B or AB Rh positive. So if there were travellers that took the 'land bridge across' they disappeared into extinction  of never left a trace of interbreeding with the local peoples.  This clearly is impossible.

According to Blood 2008-06-20 - 15% of the US population has Rh negative blood.

So where did these people come from?

Look at the map again and see the frequency of the AB blood line - British Isles, Iceland, Greenland and the the East Coast of America and Canada moving West-  not the other way.  In 'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation out in June, the maps show that Europe and The Northern Atlantic looked a lot different than today as the Sea Levels were 160m Lower than present increasing the size of the Land Masses allowing easy passage across the Atlantic to America.

An earlier Blog has shown that Reed boats - which have been used by Cro-Magnon man since they were 'born' or  more mutated in about 40,000 BP on the shorelines of the Caspian Sea.  These boats are capable of sea travel ( using a device called a Sunstone.  A Sunstone is a device that allows navigators to follow the sun (so knowing East from West) when it is daytime but cloudy.  My book looks at it and how it was used in-depth, but the most important aspect of this device which we know was used by the Vikings, it is ONLY found in the North East of Atlantis/Doggerland on the coast of Norway in the old world.

Cro-Magnon's have Rh Negative blood and recent findings in America confirms our findings.

A skeleton estimated as being 10,000 years old was found in the ‘tomb of Palli Aike’ in Tierra del Fuego in 1969-70 and has been identified as Cro-Magnon, which indicates that this race also spread to South America. Scientists consider Neanderthal man as the proto-European, and Cro-Magnon a later arrival, probably from the east. He also sees the Cro-Magnons as bearing many similarities to the North American Indians, being tall, muscular, athletic and agile.

Dr. James C. Chatters, a University of Washington specialist in human osteology, while investigating what was originally thought to be a modern homicide, found himself analyzing the bones of a 9,000 year old skeleton. Upon examination, the 5 feet 9 inches tall specimen had "characteristics that are similar to those of Europeans." (Chatters, 2000) According to Chatters, the skull is dolichocranic (long-headed) rather than brachycranic (round-headed), and exhibits "fairly prominent brow ridges." Now known as Kennewick Man, this skeleton possesses many of the characteristics of our typical Atlantean Cro-Magnons.

Kennewick Man - 9,000 year old Cro-Magnon

And not only bodies but barrow culture too.

Looks like a round barrow to me - Grave Creek Mound, West Virginia

Poverty Point culture 8000 - 7000 BP is not well understood in terms of social organization, it was involved in the transportation of nonlocal raw materials (for example, shell, stone, and copper) from throughout the eastern United States into the lower Mississippi River Valley to selected sites where the materials were worked into finished products and then traded. While specific information on Poverty Point subsistence, trade mechanisms, and other cultural aspects is still speculative, the sites nevertheless exhibit specific material culture, such as baked clay objects, magnetite plummets, steatite bowls, red-jasper lapidary work, fiber-tempered pottery, and microlithic stone tools - which is a clear indication of Cro-Magnon influence.

Dr. Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, also states: "We now know that human beings learned to sail 50,000 years before the present. Mankind settled in Australia then and it was not linked by any land bridge to Asia. It could only have been reached by boat. Clearly, we had mastered sailing tens of thousands of years before America was colonized, so we should not be surprised by the idea that people took boat trips across the Atlantic 18,000 years ago" (Stanford & Bradley, 2004)