|Jade Axe found in the British Museum|
I don't believe that there is a better illustration of a highly sophisticated and technically accurate culture than the one that could have produced this artefact. So why would the British Museum go and spoil it all, by informing us:
"Jadeite axes were entering Britain from the beginning of the Neolithic period, around 4,000 BC. One of the rare datable examples was placed as an offering besides a 6,000-year-old wooden trackway in Somerset."
So the British Museum, a pillar of the historical and archaeological establishment suggest that these most wondrous objects are Neolithic, made about the same time of Stonehenge, which has some logic as the monument like the axes are a testament to a great civilisation.
BUT HANG ON! how do you date a piece of rock?
You can use Chlorine-36, this was used to date the cutting of the Welsh Bluestones of Stonehenge as 12,000BCE. But they have not, why? Is it because the Bluestone dating left egg of the Archaeologists faces as their date for Stonehenge Bluestone was just 9,000 years out!
So how were these artefacts dated?
Well, the one you saw was not dated, that's why its has a variation of two thousand years - and at best that's a guestimation based on other finds.
According to the CBA Issue 96, Sept 2007:
"The recent ban placed on the proposed export of the privately-owned jade axehead from Newton Peverell, Dorset (News, May/Jun) has brought these beautiful Neolithic objects into the public eye once more. Well over 100, in various shapes, sizes and shades of green, are known from Britain and Ireland. They have been the subject of speculation and study both here and abroad for over a century. Early suggestions that they came from China were soon replaced by claims that they were made from Alpine rock, and various attempts have been made by geologists over the years to find the sources.
To date, however, only two jade axeheads have come from firm British archaeological contexts: the Cairnholy fragment, from a deliberately-broken axehead, found on the paved floor of the tomb's "antechamber"; and a pristine, complete specimen, found in 1973 beside the Sweet Track in Somerset. This wooden trackway is dendro-dated to 3807/3806Bcand the axehead could have been deliberately deposited not long after its construction. As for the Cairnholy fragment, opinions as to when it was placed in the tomb differ but a date of around 3800Bcis quite plausible, given the early Carinated Bowl pot found in a primary deposit in the tomb's forecourt. Other specimens, found in Neolithic enclosures in southern England at Hambledon Hill, Dorset and High Peak, Devon were frustratingly unstratified."
Over 100 have been found and in the past the craftmanship was so great and unexpected they believed they come from China!! (Interesting no-one explained how they got to Britain, via hunter gathers tribes that didn't sail boats). But the dating of these artefacts is bordering on fascicle - found BY the trackway dated 3800BCE and a tomb with a piece of pot dated 3800BCE. I like the Neolithic Connection of certain sites with the admission that they were unstratified - Hambledon Hill has ALSO been carbon dated as Mesolithic - so why can't it be Mesolithic in date if it was 'unstratified'?
It's a joke!!! - So what is the truth about these axes?
Now, thanks to the pioneering work of Pierre Pétrequin (of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and the University of Besançon) and his wife Anne-Marie Pétrequin over the last 16 years, this has been achieved. Their research, which has morphed into a current three-year, million-Euro, international project funded by the French government, is revolutionising our understanding of every aspect of these objects, not just here, but across the whole of Europe
By 1979 a number of British jade axeheads had been analysed and found mostly to be jadeite, with omphacite also significantly represented; but where they came from remained uncertain. There the matter lay, with little fresh research being done for the next 25 years. But in France the Pétrequins were busy. In the 1990s, with Serge Cassen (CNRS Nantes), they initiated a Europe-wide database of all jade axeheads longer than 140mm, gathering information on mineral composition, shape, colour, finish, context and date. They also undertook challenging fieldwork high in the Italian Alps to look for primary raw material sources and evidence for their exploitation
Then in November that year, they struck green gold again, in the vicinity of Monte Beigua, part of the Voltri massif, immediately to the north-west of Genoa. But this was to be a bittersweet discovery. In the summer of 2004 mineral collectors smashed three massive boulders that had been worked during the Neolithic and removed around 1500kg of the rock. To date, nothing appears to have been done to prevent this happening again.
The Pétrequins' fieldwork around Monte Viso in 2004 and 2005 – just published in English in the European Journal of Archaeology – revealed good evidence for rock extraction and working in several areas. Reliablyassociated charcoal samples have produced dates demonstrating that these sources were exploited from as early as 5200BC.
I love the last throw away line of this report "The exploitation must have been seasonal." - yes we have found that this site is ancient in fact we found carbon dating of 5200BCE, but I can't possibly be that date, as it means we have history complete wrong!! BUT just think for a minute about this statement. They are saying Mesolithic People found this site at 2000+ feet and did not take the Jade? So why be there in the first place - complete nonsense.
|The Alps showing the network of rivers that would allow the transport of Jade in the Mesolithic|
So we have Jade dated at 5200BCE, Stonehenge dated at 8500BCE and St. Michael's Long Barrow in Carnac dated at 6300BCE all rejected as they do not fit the current conventions - complete rubbish!
Moreover, the report ALMOST reveals the truth when it says:
By around 4500BC if not slightly before, blocks of the exceptionally rare, pale green jadeites from Monte Viso and Monte Beigua were being transferred over 200km to the north-west fringe of the Alps, to be made into fine long axeheads. These then found their way – via southern France or the Paris Basin – to Brittany, where they were reground and repolished into a thinner, regionally-distinctive shape for burial in the famous massive Carnactumuli, alongside copies made from local fibrolite and imported Spanish beads of variscite (callais). These are the axeheads shown on the Breton menhirs and on the famous passage tomb at Gavrinis. The Alpine sources continued to be exploited into the first half of the third millennium, but the main period of production for very long-distance movement seems to have ended by 4000BC.
The first thing to observe is that the 4000 - 2000BCE for jade artefacts has suddenly become 4500BCE - something to do with the 5200BCE carbon dating? And the fact that these objects are being transported all over Northern Europe and Spain, with no mention of the transport needed for such a trading venture - really can't see too many donkey rides from Italy to Ireland or Spain somehow. And the fact that this trade stopped by 4000BCE - but hang on wasn't the British Museum artefact dated 4000 - 2000BCE? This is after the manufacturing finished, so where does the logic for that date come from?
The article contradicts itself at the end by stating:
"Most recently Pierre and Anne-Marie Pétrequin's Projet JADE has taken a Europe-wide approach, locating axehead sources high in the mountains of northern Italy. First quarried were the dark green eclogites on Monte Viso, by 5200BC. From the first half of the fifth millennium, the exceptionally rare, pale green jadeites from Monte Viso and Monte Beigua were being worked, as well as nephrite from the Swiss Wallis. In Brittany the imported axeheads were copied in local fibrolite, and in Britain and Ireland Yvan Pailler's work has shown that copies were made here in local rocks too."
Wait a moment Jade was first quarried by 5200BCE? So doesn't make Jade Axes MESOLITHIC??
|Later Neolithic Stone Axes from The British Museum - dated 4000BC|
In conclusion, from this report, we find that at 5200BCE there was a society with such ability and organisational skills that it was able to locate, manufacture and transport Jade goods throughout Northern Europe over vast distances. This was the finest and best quality tools in the history of the stone age, but this industry ended in 4000BCE and the axe tools returned to become primitive and of inferior quality.
This is clear EMPIRICAL evidence that in the MESOLITHIC (if not before) lived a civilisation which was so sophisticated it could locate, manufacture and trade throughout the ancient world. Moreover, these facts are not correctly publicised by the establishment's institutions like the British Museum as they contradict the 'dumbing down' of our history, which is nothing short of either a conspiracy or sheer incompetence.