'Dawn of the Lost Civilisation' looks at the society that built Stonehenge, the other megalithic structures of prehistoric Northern Europe and parts the Mediterranean. The conclusion of this book is that during the Neolithic Period (4500BCE - 2500BCE) the 'ground water levels' that were high due to the last Ice Age, diminished and our ancestors had two options - to leave Northern Europe in their boats or to settle on the land in places we now call villages.
|Crannog, used by boats to moor against as a temporary shelter - its was not originally a house|
|River terrace, perfect for farming.|
The blog showed that Nitrogen-15 was present in the soil of prehistoric fields (this isotope is produced when land is flooded as nitrogen is a reside of water interacting with the riverbed). This clearly contradicts the traditional archaeologists theory about 'land clearance' - but recent 'real' studies obtained when vast areas of the Amazon rain forest was deliberately cleared by the government for farm use, shows that that is not possible as the soil is 'barren' of minerals. This is the consequence of a forest that has covered the land for many thousands of years. The only way to 're-fertilise' the land is to send hundreds of cows walking about on your fresh cut forest leaving hundreds of years of 'cowpats'. Therefore the farming the river terraces is your only option.
So where was the first houses?
Star Carr has claimed to have the first house on its site dated 9000BCE
I wouldn't take for gospel all the 'experts' said about the finds - you use spears for fishing and bows for land mammals - I blame the teachers. But what is more important (in fact critical but forgotten) is that this site is on the water, even the archaeologists accept that now, but as always they say 'its a lake', when in fact it was a river and the river flowed to the sea and just off the coast is a place called Doggerland, which we will show in the book is home to the 'so called' mythological place called Atlantis as written about Plato.
Sadly for the archaeologists this is not a 'true house' as it was found 'on waters edge' it would have been a 'Cannock' - a dwelling at the end of a wooden walkway (as seen on the video), more of a shelter than a house, as this civilisation lived on their boats for a majority of the time and maybe camped out occasionally - a bit like if you had a boat on the Norfolk broads, you moor up for food and drink during the evening and normally (if sober) go back to your boat to sleep.
|Mooring up for the evening - you can sleep on the walkway if you wish, the boats nicer though!|
So where are the first houses of this civilisation?
Its in Poland in a town known as Brzesc Kujawski on of Several large settlements that flourished between 4500BCE and 4000BCE on the lowlands of north-central Poland. About 10 kilometers west of Brzesc Kujawski is the settlement of Oslonki , excavated by Ryszard Grygiel and Peter in 1989-1994. Like Brzesc Kujawski, Oslonki is located on a low crest of land surrounded on three sides by water. In addition to thirty long-houses and eighty rich graves like those at Brzesc.
|I know of another place that was on lowland surround on three side by water!|
"The settlements are found primarily in the region known as Kujavia located to the west of the Vistula River, an area of low, rolling terrain with many streams, lakes, and marshes. Brzesc Kujawski and similar sites are important because they represent the first large agricultural settlements on the lowlands of northern Europe and for their presence on the frontier between farming societies to the south and the foraging peoples to the north.
Agriculture had come to Kujavia a thousand years earlier, as indicated by the appearance of settlements of the Linear Pottery culture, but it developed very slowly as the farmers adjusted to the new terrain and soils. The Linear Pottery settlements existed as small frontier outposts among the indigenous Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. After several centuries, large Neolithic settlements sprang up at Brzesc Kujawski, Oslonki, Krusza Zamkowa, and several other locations about 4500 b.c.
|First burials for the new farmers, showing changes to society and ceremony - shouldn't they be under a round barrow?|
The Neolithic settlement at Brzesc Kujawski was discovered in 1933 by farmers digging gravel from deposits beneath their fields on a low ridge of land bordering Lake Smetowo. While digging, they found artifacts and skeletons. Luckily, an archaeologist named Konrad Jazdzewski (1908-1985) was working nearby, and when he learned of these discoveries he came to investigate. He immediately recognized that this was potentially an important find and began excavations. Over the next six years, he cleared the topsoil from more than 10,000 square meters, exposing one of the largest Neolithic settlements discovered before World War II.
Jazdzewski noticed that one of the most apparent Lengyel features at Brzesc Kujawski was the long narrow trenches dug into the clay and gravel subsoil, sometimes reaching a meter or more below the surface. These trenches formed trapezoidal outlines 20 to 30 meters long, 5 to 6 meters wide at one end and 2 to 3 meters at the other. Clearly, these were structures of some sort because there were indications that the trenches had held upright posts. Among these trapezoidal enclosures were large pits with very irregular bottoms dug into the clay subsoil".
So far so good then - now read the next extract - you couldn't make this up if you wanted too!!
"At the time, the prevailing belief was that Neolithic people lived in the pits, which were thought to have been roofed over with flimsy shelters. But what were the trapezoidal post structures? Archaeologists who had recently excavated Linear Pottery post structures at Koln-Lindenthal in Germany had proposed that they might have been barns or granaries. They could not imagine people living in them."
Archaeologists (because of their inadequate and closed minded training, could not believe that these primitive hunter-gathers could build a house, so they told everyone that they lived in the ditch with an animal skin as a roof (no doubt attached to the perfectly secure wooden post) - It beggars belief!!
Even today they are suggestion that they are barns or granaries and people could not live in them - Is this because archaeologists have portrayed these people as 'fur covered primitives' that could only live in round mud huts, like our African ancestors - But it is a step up from living in a watery pit I guess!
"But one of Jazdzewski’s workers remarked that if he had to live in one of the muddy clay pits, he would break his legs slipping around in it. Jazdzewski concluded that the Lengyel timber structures at Brzesc Kujawski really were Neolithic houses and that the pits served some other purpose."
ITS CALLED A MOAT IDIOT!!
A 'worker', some manual labourer had to break the news to Jazdzewski (Konrad Jażdżewski (1908–1985) a Polish professor of archeology, doctor honoris causa at the University of Łódź.) an academic Professor of Archaeology that his ideas we NUTS! and the result of closed minded academic twaddle - its amazing that 70 years on nothing has changed in the archaeology field and to prove that look at the new modern interpretation.
"Eventually this view prevailed, and archaeologists now know that the big pits in fact were the places where clay was dug for plastering the walls of houses built with timber posts set into foundation trenches. At Brzesc Kujawski, more than fifty such houses have been found, both during Jazdzewski’s excavations in the 1930s and during further excavations by Ryszard Grygiel and Peter in the 1970s and 1980s. They are oriented along an axis running northwest-southeast, with the wide end toward the southeast. The reason for this orientation of the houses or for their trapezoidal shape is not clear. Many of their outlines overlap, indicating that they were built and rebuilt at different times. Burned clay plaster in the filling of the foundation trenches indicates that a number of the houses were destroyed by fire. The nearby clay pits were filled up with debris, animal bones, charred seeds, and artefacts like broken pieces of pottery. Other pits were used for storage or as the locations of workshops"
Clay pits for god sake!! Lets see clay foundations and rain..... its the blind leading the blind!!
"Scattered among the houses at Brzesc Kujawski are also nearly sixty graves. Most graves contain skeletons that are in a crouched position with their arms drawn up to the chest. Males always lie on their right side and the females on their left, with their heads pointing toward the south or southeast. Archaeologists do not know the reason for this practice, but clearly it reflected an important fundamental belief. Accompanying the skeletons are artifacts. Many of the male graves have flint blades or axes made from large deer antlers, whereas female graves often contain copper ornaments, shell beads, and bone arm-rings."
The copper ornaments are important, this proves they used metals much earlier that tradition archaeologists believe. The book shows that Plato refers to their use of metals in the Mesolithic Period.
"The copper artefacts found at Brzesc Kujawski and similar sites in Kujavia represent the earliest known use of copper in this part of Europe, around 4400 b.c. Although the source of the copper has not yet been established, it was probably either in the Alps or in the Balkans, hundreds of kilometers away. It was smelted and then hammered into ribbon, not cast. From the copper ribbon, metalworkers made beads, pendants, and head ornaments."
The copper was from probably the Balkans as the trade routes we have found go from Doggerland down to the black Sea through Poland.
"Some burials had lavish displays of copper, whereas others had none. After a short time, the copper supply was cut off, and the latest burials at Brzesc Kujawski do not contain such ornaments."
This is where archaeological linear evolutionary process falls apart again - if these people had copper and knew how to use it, why did later burials have no copper? Did this civilisation leave (that's the normal excuse) and a non-copper race moved in? Or did the trade routes 'dry up' as predicted in my hypothesis and the boat people that brought the copper in the past move on?
"The inhabitants of Brzesc Kujawski and its neighboring settlements also acquired flint from sources more than 200 kilometres away in southern Poland. When they really needed a sharp edge they used "chocolate" flint (with a deep brown colour) and Jurassic flint from these distant quarries. In addition, they made stone axes by grinding local stones into shape. Antler axes were made by breaking off the base of a thick beam of red deer antler, then grinding it to make an edge. Experiments done in Denmark indicate that such antler axes could have been used for cutting soft wood. It is also possible that they were used in the killing and butchering of livestock."
So what do these houses look like and why did the archaeologist call them trapezoidal?
Have we not seen this shaped structures else where in this blog and my last book but moreover on the hillside of Britain?
|Typical 'Long Barrow' with a moat surrounding them|
|West Kennet 'trapezoidal' - lets not link them together, otherwise the archaeologists are wrong!!|
We know from our research that Long Barrows were a copy of the boats which our ancestors used for homes during the Mesolithic period. If your making your first home on dry land, would you not therefore transfer the same skills and design to your first boat house? This gives us an understanding of the structure size and shape of the missing boats, which my new book fully illustrates.
It does leave a final question about dates!
According to 'traditional' archaeologists Long Barrows are late Neolithic (dated by the contents rather than the construction) this same design is found in a wooden house 2,500 years before the Long Barrows were supposed to have been erected. So we have a chicken and egg senario here, what came first?
This question fortunately, is easy resolved as the design of the houses changed not long after the first houses were built. The traditional 'long house' is oblong not trapezoid. Consequently, archaeologists are asking you to believe that the design of the 'Long Barrows' reverted back 2,500 years, for if at the same time they were making oblong house, why on earth would you made a trapezoid mortuary to the afterlife, which remarkably look like the houses we built two millennium ago??
(by Robert John Langdon)